The Numbers on Fertilizer Labels Actual They Mean

The Numbers on Fertilizer Labels Actual They Mean

Every time you see a product with fertilizer, three digits are clearly highlighted on the package, usually on the front side. These figures are very important and say a lot about what this fertilizer will do.

The numbers stand for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N, P, K). They are always listed in this order. This is the percentage content of each component in a given package.

For example, a common type of multi-purpose fertilizer is called 10-10-10. It is a balanced mixture of equal parts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. If you were to buy a 50-pound pack, five pounds (or 10%) would be nitrogen, five pounds of phosphorus, and five pounds of potassium. The remaining 70% are simply fillers or inert ingredients, which mainly help to disperse chemicals.

Up, down and all around

The usual way to describe the purpose of each chemical is to think “high, low and everywhere”.”Applying this simple phrase, you can remember that nitrogen (N), the first chemical on the list, promotes plant growth above the ground. Nitrogen does an excellent job of stimulating the growth of green deciduous leaves, providing the necessary ingredients to create green lawns. Lawn fertilizers often have a high initial value for this purpose.

Phosphorus (P), a medium amount, is very effective for ensuring plant growth underground in the form of a healthy root system. It is also the most important component for blooming flowers and obtaining fruits. You will notice that flower cultivation fertilizers or starter fertilizers for your lawn have a high average amount.

Potassium (K), the last of the listed, is considered important for the overall health of plants. This is mainly due to its ability to build strong cells in plant tissue. In turn, plants withstand various stresses, such as heat, cold, pests and health problems. For example, winter fertilizers have a high potassium content.

When buying fertilizers, pay attention to their purpose. Fertilizers in the same amount, as a rule, can be used as a multi-purpose fertilizer. If you had only one product to work with, I would recommend 10-10-10.

To promote good fruiting or flowering of flowers, look for an average number that is larger than the first. Otherwise, your plants will stimulate to produce a lot of beautiful green foliage, probably at the expense of fruiting or flowering of flowers. Instead, you want the energy and nutrition of the plant to be focused on the desired result, flowers or fruits, so that a higher average amount is a more suitable choice.

To protect your plants or lawn from environmental pollution, you need a fertilizer that will contribute to the last and middle number. The high first figure in this matter may turn out to be inappropriate, since you are unlikely to prefer new, lush foliage if you plant or cover lawns for the winter at the same time. Instead, your goal should be to strengthen the cellular structure and strong roots, which will continue to grow throughout the winter.

After all, every time you add fertilizer, do not think that the more the better. You can burn plants if you use too much fertilizer and damage the surrounding soil. Instead, adhere to the principle “the smaller, the better”. If your soil is rich in organic matter, then all the nutrients that the plants need should be contained in it. This is my preferred method of fertilization.

As an organic gardener, I pay attention to the health of the soil through organic substances almost 100% of the time, which is enough to achieve results that look good even on our national television series.

If that sounds like a plan to you, all the better for you. However, I understand and appreciate that this approach is not suitable for everyone. Therefore, if you use synthetic fertilizers like 10-10-10, use them carefully and always store them as intended (avoid getting into streams or storm sewers).


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