Gardenforms.com

VINES
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 7
Akebia quinata (FIVELEAF AKEBIA)
Climate Zone: 3-24
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Deciduous; evergreen in mild winters
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast in mild winter zones; slow in cold climates
Height: 15-20'
Fruits: Edible, purplish 2-4" long sausage-looking fruits
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Edible Fruits
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Bougainvillea 'San Diego Red'
(RED PAPER FLOWER BOUGAINVILLEA)
Climate Zone: 5, 6, 12-17, 19, 21-24; H1, H2; (best in zones 22-24; H1, H2)
Exposures: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, cold deciduous (tied)
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 15-25'
Flowers (bracts): Deep red (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover, Patio Tree
Photo Taken: Dana Point, CA (below: Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Campsis radicans (COMMON TRUMPET CREEPER)
Climate Zone: 2-21
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous 
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast (possibly invasive)
Height: 30-40'
Flowers: Showy, trumpet-like 3" long orange flowers that open to 2" wide (summer)
Uses:
  • Can grow as a shrub
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: 
Clematis armandii (EVERGREEN CLEMATIS)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen (tendrils)
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast; slow growth rate at first, but grows quickly once established
Height: 20-35'
Flowers: Fragrant, white flowers (spring to summer); pink-flowering variety is also available
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Clytostoma callistegioides (LAVENDER TRUMPET VINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 15-25'
Flowers: Violet to lavender (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: 
Distictis buccinatoria (BLOOD-RED TRUMPET VINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 14-24; H1
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 20-40'+
Flowers: Red and orange flowers with yellow throats (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: Napa Valley, CA (Silverado Winery)
Distictis 'Rivers' (ROYAL TRUMPET VINE)
Climate Zone: 16, 22-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 20-30'
Flowers: Purple with orange throats (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA
Ficus pumila (CREEPING FIG)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2; indoors
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast (invasive roots)
Height: 20-40'+
Foliage: Dark green leaves to about 2" long
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: Newport Beach, CA
Ficus pumila 'Minima' (SMALL-LEAF CREEPING FIG)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2; indoors
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 20-30'+
Foliage: Dark green leaves to about 1/2" long
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: San Francisco, CA
Gelsemium sempervirens (CAROLINA YELLOW JESSAMINE)
Climate Zone: 4-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 10-20'
Flowers: Fragrant, deep to bright yellow flowers (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
  • Poisonous if eaten (all parts)
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Hardenbergia violacea (LILAC VINE)
Climate Zone: 8-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 8-10'
Flowers: Violet or rose to white flowers (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Espalier
  • Ground Cover ('Happy Wanderer' variety)
Photo Taken: Beaumont, CA (bottom left: Los Gatos, CA - Robson Homes)
Hedera canariensis (ALGERIAN IVY)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 12-24
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 15-20'+
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Ground Cover
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Hedera helix (ENGLISH IVY)
Climate Zone: 3-24; H1
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 20-30'+
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Indoor Use
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken:
Ipomoea indica (COMMON MORNING GLORY)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Perennial
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 15-30'
Flowers: Bright blue flowers fading to pink (spring to tall)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Ground Cover
Photo Taken: 
Jasminum polyanthum (PINK JASMINE)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 12-24; H1
Exposure: Sun to partial; shade tolerate with little flowering
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast (possibly invasive in zones 15-17)
Height: 15-20'
Flowers: Strongly fragrant, white flowers with pink edges (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate (w/ little flowering)
  • Invasive (possibly)
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA (bottom: San Francisco, CA)
Macfadyena unguis-cati (CAT'S CLAW, YELLOW TRUMPET VINE)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 25-40'
Flowers: Bright yellow (spring)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA (Interstate Highway 680) (bottom: Mountain House, CA)
Mandevilla amoena 'Alice du Pont'
(PINK FLOWERING MANDEVILLA)
Climate Zone: 21-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 15-25'
Flowers: Pink flowers with white and yellow throats (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Mandevilla laxa (CHILEAN JASMINE)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen, cold deciduous 
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 10-15'+ tall
Flowers: Strongly, fragrant white with yellow centers (summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Monstera deliciosa
(SWISS-CHEESE PLANT, MEXICAN BREADFRUIT)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 22-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure: Partial; tolerates shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 6-10'+ x 10-20'
Foliage: Large, oblong, glossy mid to dark green, perforated and serrated at maturity; young leaves are solid.
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Edible Fruits (although harmful if under ripe)
  • Indoor Use
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Can grow as a large shrub
Photo Taken: San Francisco, CA (California Academy of Science)
Monstera deliciosa 'Albo variegata'
(VARIEGATED SWISS-CHEESE PLANT)
Climate Zone:
Exposure: Partial; tolerates shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate:
Height: 
Foliage:
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Can grow as a large shrub
Photo Taken: Escondido, CA (San Marcos Growers)
Pandorea jasminoides (BOWER VINE)
Climate Zone: 16-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 20-30'
Flowers: White flowers with pink throats (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (VIRGINIA CREEPER)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-24
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 30-50'+
Foliage: Mid-green leaves that turn deep red to bronze (fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Saint Helena, CA (Niebaum Coppola Estate Winery), (bottom: Fremont, CA - Robson Homes)
Parthenocissus tricuspidata (BOSTON IVY)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Deciduous, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 40-50'
Foliage: Bright green leaves that turn orange, to bright red, then to purple (fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA (EDAW), (bottom right: Genest Residence at Turtle Ridge Community)
Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Green Showers' (RED BOSTON IVY)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character:
Deciduous, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 45-50'
Foliage: Bright green leaves that turn burgundy-red (fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Lafayette, CA
Passiflora x alatocaerulea (PASSION VINE)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 20-25'
Flowers: Fragrant white flowers with shades of pink, lavender, purple to deep blue (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Indoor Use
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Passiflora species (PASSION VINE)
Climate Zone: varies
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 15-25'
Flowers: Showy (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Indoor Use
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: 
Philodendron giganteum (GIANT PHILODENDRON)
Climate Zone:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height: 
Foliage: 
Uses:
Photo Taken: San Diego, CA
(Balboa Park)
Pyrostegia venusta (FLAME VINE, GOLDEN SHOWER)
Climate Zone: 13, 16, 21-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 20-40'
Flowers: Orange (winter), but may bloom continuously during the (fall to spring) in mild warm climates
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona
Rosa banksiae 'Alba' (WHITE FLOWERING LADY BANKS' ROSE)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, cold deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height: 15-20'
Flowers: Fragrant white (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier, Large Shrub, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: West Covina, CA
Solanum crispum (EVERGREEN POTATO VINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24
Exposures: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen 
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate:
Height: 10-12'
Flowers: Fragrant, lavender-blue with yellow centers (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Shrub
  • Poisonous Fruits (if eaten)
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Solanum jasminoides (WHITE POTATO VINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 20-30'
Flowers: White or white-tinged blue flowers (spring)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Solanum rantonnetii (BLUE POTATO BUSH, NIGHTSHADE)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 15-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen, cold deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 12-15'
Flowers: Purple flowers with yellow centers (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Espalier
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Ground Cover, Large Shrub, Patio Tree
Photo Taken: 
Stephanotis floribunda
(BRIDAL BOUQUET, MADAGASCAR JASMINE)
Climate Zone: 23, 24; H2; indoors
Exposure: Partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 10-15'
Flowers: Fragrant white (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Indoor Use
  • Espalier
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Tecoma capensis (CAPE HONEYSUCKLE)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 20-24; H1, H2; (protection in zones 14, 15, 18, and 19)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 15-25'
Flowers: Bright orange to red flowers (summer to winter)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
  • Ground Cover, Large Shrub, Patio Tree
Photo Taken:
Thunbergia gregorii (ORANGE CLOCK VINE)
Climate Zone: 21-24; H1, H2; (protection in zones 13, 16, 17; annual elsewhere)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height: 6-10'
Flowers: Orange (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Ground Cover, Shrub
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA (Ruth Bancroft Garden)
Trachelospermum jasminoides (STAR JASMINE)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height: 10-20'
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green leaves that some leaves will turn to bronze-red (cold winter)
Flowers:
Strongly fragrant white flowers (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color (cold climates)
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier, Ground Cover
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Vitis species (WINE GRAPE VINE)
Climate Zone:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height: 
Foliage:
Fruits:
 
Uses:
Photo Taken: Temecula, CA (bottom: Ceago Winery Biodynamic Farm, Nice, CA)
Vitis 'Thompson Seedless' (THOMPSON SEEDLESS GRAPE)
Climate Zone:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height: 
Foliage:
Fruits:
 
Uses:
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Wisteria sinensis (CHINESE WISTERIA)
Climate Zone: 3-24
Exposure: Sun to partial, shade tolerate with little flowering
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast (invasive in zones 15-17)
Height: 10-30'
Foliage: Mid-green to dark green leaves that turn yellow to orange (fall)
Flowers: Slightly fragrant violet-blue flowers (spring)
Fruits: Light to mid-green, fuzzy-like 4-6" long fruit pods (summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate (w/ little flowering)
  • Invasive Growth Habit (zone 15-17)
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
  • Patio Tree, Shrub
Photo Taken: Saint Helena, CA (Niebaum Coppola Estate Winery), (bottom: Richmond, CA)