Gardenforms

Plant Photo Library

TREES (Small to Medium Size)
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 3


Acacia baileyana (BAILEY ACACIA)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 13-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 20-30' x 20-40'
Foliage: Feather-like, bluish gray
Flowers:
Fragrant, yellow (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA 
Showy, Fragrant Flowers
Feather-Like Gray Foliage
Acacia melanoxylon (BLACKWOOD ACACIA)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 13-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast; (slow spreading, may naturalize)
Height/Width: 30-40' x 20-25'
Foliage: Dark green, long ovate
Flowers:
Noticeble cream to light yellow
Fruits:
Brown seedpods, slightly twisted with noticeable flat, ovate seeds
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly)
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Surface Roots (possibly) 
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA (below: SWA Group, Sausalito, CA)
Flowering
Flowers
Seedpods
Trunk
Acer palmatum (JAPANESE MAPLE)
Climate Zone: A3; 2-10, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Shade to partial, but can tolerate full sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 15-25' x 15-25'
Foliage:
Mid to light green leaves that turn scarlet, yellow-orange to orange-red (fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Sonoma, CA
Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' (RED JAPANESE MAPLE)
Climate Zone: A3; 2-10, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Shade to partial, but can tolerate full sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width:15-20' x 15-20'
Foliage: Purplish or bronze to bronze-green leaves turning bright red (fall to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Sunol, CA (Valley Crest Tree Company)
Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' (BLOODGOOD JAPANESE MAPLE)
Climate Zone: A3; 2-10, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Shade to partial, can tolerate full sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 10-20' x 15-20'
Foliage:
Dark red-purple leaves turning crimson (fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Sonoma, CA
Aesculus californica (CALIFORNIA BUCKEYE)
Climate Zone: 3-10, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 20-40' x 20-40'
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Fragrant, creamy white to pink (spring)
Fruits:
Noticeable pear-shaped (summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • CA Native
Photo Taken:
Aesculus x carnea (RED HORSECHESTNUT)
Climate Zone: 1-10, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 30-40' x 25-30'
Foliage: Dark green that turn brown (fall)
Flowers:
Soft pink to red with yellow centers (spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting (possibly)
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of Pacific)
Albizia julibrissin (SILK TREE, MIMOSA)
Climate Zone: 4-23; (seen grown in zone 24)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 25-40' x 25-40'
Foliage: Feather-like, dark green leaves that may turn yellowish without adequate irrigation; will wilt during the evening hours
Flowers:
Slightly fragrant, pale to deep pink (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Showy, brown seed-pods (fall)
Trunk:
Smooth grayish at maturity
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Alnus cordata (EUROPEAN ALDER, ITALIAN ALDER)
Climate Zone: 2b-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Very fast to fast
Height/Width: 30-40' x 15-25'
Foliage: Glossy, rich mid-green
Flowers:
Greenish yellow to yellowish brown (male) flower catkins; female flowers developed into small, dark brown cones (late winter to early spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Slope Planting (possibly)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Apple 'Tropical Beauty' (TROPICAL BEAUTY APPLE)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Edible Fruit
  • x
  • x
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA
Flowers
Fruits
Arbutus unedo (STRAWBERRY TREE)
Climate Zone: 4-24; (damage in severe winters zones 4-7)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 8-35' x 8-35'
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
White to pink (fall to winter)
Fruits:
Edible yellow fruits that mature to red (winter)
Trunk/Branches:
Attractive, smooth at maturity reddish brown
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fruit Litter Nuisance
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks (as a shrub possibly)
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Alameda, CA
Bauhinia x blakeana (HONG KONG ORCHID TREE)
Climate Zone: 13, 19, 21, 23, 24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Semi-Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 15-20' x 20-25'
Foliage: Doubled-lobed, gray-green
Flowers:
Purple, deep red, rose to pink (fall to spring), that has a shape like an orchid flower
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken:
Betula pendula (EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 30-40' x 15-25'
Foliage:
  • B. pendula: Glossy mid-green that turn yellow to yellow-green (fall)
  • 'Dalecarlica (Cutleaf Weeping Birch): Mid-green turning yellow (fall)
Fruits: Small, cone-like fruits (winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Diablo Valley College, Pleasant Hill, CA
Callistemon citrinus (LEMON BOTTLEBRUSH)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 10-25' x 10-20'
Foliage: New leaves are reddish brown maturing to mid-green to possibly yellowish green
Flowers:
Red to reddish purple (spring)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be grown as a large shrub
Photo Taken:
Callistemon viminalis (WEEPING BOTTLEBRUSH)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 20-30' x 10-15'
Foliage: Light green, overall weeping affect
Flowers:
Red (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Carica papaya (PAPAYA)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:

Photo Taken: Lahaina, Maui, HI
Cercidium floridum (BLUE PALO VERDE)
Climate Zone: 8-14, 18-20
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 25-35' x 25-30'
Foliage: Bluish green
Flowers:
Yellow (spring)
Trunk:
Noticeable, lime green trunk
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Brentwood, CA
Cercis canandensis (EASTERN REDBUD)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 25-35' x 20-30'
Foliage: Heart-shaped, mid green leaves that turn yellow (fall)
Flowers:
Rosy-pink (winter to spring)
Fruits:
Showy seedpods (summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: Marin County, CA
Cercis occidentalis (WESTERN REDBUD)
Climate Zone: 2-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 10-20' x 10-20'
Foliage: Mid-green leaves that turn light yellow to red (fall)
Flowers:
Purplish red (spring)
Fruits:
Showy, 1.5-3" long x 1/2"+ wide seedpods (summer to winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
  • Can be grown as a large shrub
Photo Taken:
Citrus aurantiifolia (BEARSS LIME, KEY LIME, LIME)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width:
  • 'Seedless Bearss':
  • 'Thornless':
Foliage: Light to mid-green
Flowers:
Fragrant white (year round)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Edible Fruits
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Citrus kumquat 'Nagami' (NAGAMI KUMQUAT)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Edible Fruits
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: Santa Clara, CA
Citrus limon (LEMON)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate (Fast for 'Lisbon')
Height/Width/Foliage:
  • 'Eureka': 15-20' x 15-20', new leaves are bronze-purple that mature to light green
  • 'Improved Meyer': 12-15' x 10-15', light green leaves
  • 'Lisbon': 20-25' x 15-25', light green leaves
Flowers: Fragrant, white (year round)
Fruits:
Edible 3-6" oval, yellow fruits (year round)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Edible Fruits
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: Martinez, CA
Citrus sinensis (NAVEL ORANGE, ORANGE, SWEET ORANGE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width/Fruits:
  • 'Valencia': 20-25' x 20-25', with 2.5-4" round, orange fruits (summer to fall)
  • 'Washington': 15-20' x 15-20', with 2.5-4" round, orange fruits (winter)
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
Fragrant, white (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Edible Fruit
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: Riverside, CA
Cordyline australis (GIANT DRACAENA)
Climate Zone: 5, 8-11, 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width/Foliage:
  • C. australis: 20-30' x 6-12' with mid-green leaves
  • 'Atropurpurea' (Bronze Dracaena): 20-25' x 6-12' with bronze-red leaves
Flowers: Slightly fragrant, creamy white (spring)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Francisco, CA
Cornus florida 'Rubra' (RED EASTERN DOGWOOD)
Climate Zone: 2b-9, 14-16
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 20-30' x 20-30'
Foliage: Bright green (above), light green (beneath) that turn red to reddish purple (fall)
Flowers:
Deep rose-red flowers (spring)
Fruits:
Reddish orange (winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Cornus kousa (KOUSA DOGWOOD)
Climate Zone: 2-9, 14-17
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 15-30' x 15-30'
Foliage: Mid-green leaves that turn yellow to reddish orange (fall)
Flowers:
Cream to white (summer)
Fruits:
Red fruits (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can be grown as a large shrub
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Cupaniopsis anacardioides (CARROTWOOD)
Climate Zone: 16-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 30-40' x 20-30'
Foliage: Pinnate ovate, dark green
Fruits:
Clusters of biege fruits (summer)
Uses:
  • Fruit Litter Nuisance
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Long Beach, CA
Dracaena draco (DRAGON TREE)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 21-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 15-25' x 10-20'
Foliage: 2' long, gray-green sword-like leaves
Flowers:
Greenish white to creamy white (spring)
Fruits:
Bright orange berries
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: San Diego County, CA
Eriobotrya deflexa (BRONZE LOQUAT)
Climate Zone: 8-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 10-20' x 10-20'
Foliage: Large, 6-8" long leaves that are bronze that eventually mature to mid to dark green
Flowers:
Cream (spring)
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Susceptibel to Fireblight
Photo Taken: Sonoma, CA
Eriobotrya japonica (JAPANESE LOQUAT)
Climate Zone: 6-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 15-30' x 15-30'
Foliage: Glossy dark green leaves (above), rust-like color (beneath)
Flowers:
Fragrant, creamy white (fall)
Fruits:
Showy, edible orange to yellow (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Edible Fruits
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Susceptible to Fireblight
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Erythrina species (CORAL TREE)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 25-40' x 30-40'+
Foliage: Mid-green leaves that turn yellow (fall)
Flowers:
Reddish orange (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Eucalyptus ficifolia (RED FLOWERING GUM)
Climate Zone*: 17, 22-24; (borderline in zones 5, 6, 8, 9, 13, 19-21)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 25-40' x 25-40'
Foliage: Deep green
Flowers:
White, cream, pink, red or orange (summer)
Uses:
  • Leaf Litter Nuisance
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Susceptible to Longhorn Beetle and Red Gum Lerp Psyllid
Photo Taken: Huntington Beach, CA

*Sunset Climate Zone intepreted by author
Feijoa sellowiana (PINEAPPLE GUAVA)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 12-24: H1, H2; (marginal in zone 6)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate; supplemental amounts of water needed to incrrease fruit production
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 15-25' x 15-25'
Foliage: Glossy deep green leaves (above), grayish white (beneath)
Flowers:
Edible, red and white (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Edible, slightly ovate gray-green fruits (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Edible Flowers
  • Edible Fruits
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona, CA

Ficus binnendiijkii 'Alii' (ALII FIG)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Evergeen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 
Foliage: Long, narrow 3-4" mid to dark green leaves
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Newport Beach, CA
Ficus benjamina 'Variegata' (VARIEGATED WEEPING FIG)
Climate Zone: 13, 23, 24; H1, H2; or indoors (seen grown in zones 19-22)
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 25-40' x 25-40'
Foliage: Shiny, mid-green and cream white leaves
Trunk:
Light brown (indoors); grayish (outdoors)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use (popular)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be grown as a tall clipped hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Newport Beach, CA
Ficus carica (EDIBLE FIG)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-30' x 10-20'
Foliage: Large, 3-5 lobed, bright green leaves that are fingered that briefly turn yellow (fall)
Fruits:
Edible, various colors depending on the variety (2 seasons: summer and fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of the Pacific)
Fraxinus angustifolia 'Raywood'™ (RAYWOOD ASH)
Climate Zone: 2b-9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 25-35' x 25-35'
Foliage: Dark green leaves that turn red to purple-red (fall)
Flowers:
Insignificant, but slightly fragrant, creamy white (spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Jacaranda mimosifolia (JACARANDA)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 15-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 25-40' x 15-30'
Foliage: Mid-green, feather-like leaves
Flowers:
Lavender-blue (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Noticeable, flat seed capsules
Uses:

  • Leaf, Flowers and Fruit Litter Nuisance
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona, CA
Koelreuteria bipinnata (CHINESE FLAME TREE)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 20-40' x 25-40'
Foliage: Bi-pinnate, 20" long, mid-green leaves that turn yellow (fall)
Flowers:
Bright yellow (summer to fall)
Fruits:
Showy green seed-capsules that mature to orange, red or salmon (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Lake Forest, CA
Flowers
Seed Capsules
Seed Capsules
Koelreuteria paniculata (GOLDEN RAIN TREE)
Climate Zone: A2; 2-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 20-35' x 25-40'
Foliage: Pinnate, 18" long with 7-15 leaflets with deep serrated margins; new leaves are purplish, marturing to mid-green that turn yellow to gold (fall)
Flowers:
Yellow (summer)
Fruits:
Showy green seed capsules that mature to salmon, red or brown (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Sunol, CA
Seed Capsules and Foliage
Seed Capsules
Foliage Changing Color
Lagerstroemia indica (CRAPE MYRTLE)
Climate Zone: Excellent performance in 7-10, 12-14, 18-21; H1, H2; mildew problems in 15-17, 22-24; does well in zone 6 but flowers late; hardy in zones 4, 5 but seldom flowers; sometimes treated as a perennial in zones 2 and 3.
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate/Height/Width:
  •  L. indica: Slow, 15-25' x 15-25'
  • 'Catawba': Slow, 6-15' x 6-15'
  • 'Cherokee: Slow, 10-12' x 10-12'
  • 'Seminole': Slow to moderate, 6-12' x 6-12'
  • 'Watermelon Red': Moderate, 20-25' x 20-25'
Foliage/Flowers:
  • L. indica: Dark green leaves turn orange-red (fall); showy purple, red, rose, deep pink, or white flowers (summer)
  • 'Catawba': Dark green leaves turn orange-red (fall); deep purple flowers (summer)
  • 'Cherokee': Dark green leaves turn yellow-orange (fall); bright red flowers (summer)
  • 'Seminole': Dark green leaves turn red (fall); pink flowers (summer)
  • 'Watermelon Red': Dark green leaves turn yellow (fall); birhgt red flowers (summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Mildew Problem 'Watermelon Red' (zones 15-17, 22-24)
  • Mildew Resistant
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Multiple-Trunk Growth
Foliage Changing Color
Lagerstroemia 'Muskogee' (LAVENDER FLOWERING CRAPE MYRTLE)
Climate Zone: 7-10, 12-14, 18-21; (can grow in zone 17*)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-25' x 12-15'
Foliage: Light green that turns red (fall)
Flowers:
Light lavender (summer)
Trunk:
Smooth with multiple hues of biege to light brown
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Mildew Resistant
Photo Taken: Yorba Linda, CA

*Sunset Climate Zone addition, per comments from Valley Crest Tree Company representative noted that these "mildew resistant varieites" can also grow along the Bay Area (i.e. Richmond, Berkeley, and Vallejo)
Lagerstroemia 'Natchez' (WHITE FLOWERING CRAPE MYRTLE)
Climate Zone: 7-10, 12-14, 18-21; (can grow in zone 17*)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-25' x 15-20'
Foliage: Light green that turns orange-red (fall)
Flowers:
White (summer)
Trunk:
Smooth with multiple hues of biege to light brown
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Mildew Resistant
Photo Taken: Yorba Linda, CA

*Sunset Climate Zone addition, per comments from Valley Crest Tree Company representative noted that these "mildew resistant varieites" can also grow along the Bay Area (i.e. Richmond, Berkeley, and Vallejo)
Lagerstroemia 'Tuscarora' (PINK FLOWERING CRAPE MYRTLE)
Climate Zone: 7-10, 12-14, 18-21; (can grow in zone 17*)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-25' x 12-15'
Foliage: Light green that turns orange-red (fall)
Flowers:
Dark pink (summer)
Trunk:
Smooth with multiple hues of biege to light brown
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Mildew Resistant
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA

*Sunset Climate Zone addition, per comments from Valley Crest Tree Company representative noted that these "mildew resistant varieites" can also grow along the Bay Area (i.e. Richmond, Berkeley, and Vallejo)
Laurus nobilis (BAY, GRECIAN LAUREL, SWEET BAY)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 15-40' x 15-25'
Foliage: Glossy slightly stiff dark green leaves that are used for flavoring meats, soups, stews, pasta sauces, to Mediterranean style dishes
Flowers:
Small, but slightly fragrant, dull yellow (winter to spring)
Fruits:
Small (0.5-1"), black to dark purple fruits
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Herbal Use (leaves)
  • Indoor Use
  • Can be trained into a topiary shape
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Susceptible to Black Scale and Laurel Psyllid
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Laurus nobilis 'Saratoga' (BAY, GRECIAN LAUREL, SWEET BAY)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 15-25' x 15-25'
Foliage: Mid to dark green leaves that are slightly larger than Laurus nobilis, which can also be used for herbal uses
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Herbal Use (leaves)
  • Indoor Use
  • Can be trained into a topiary shape
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Susceptible to Black Scale
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA
Magnolia x soulangeana (SAUCER MAGNOLIA, TULIP TREE)
Climate Zone: 2b-10, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width/Flowers:
  • M x soulangeana: 20-30' x 20-30', with slightly fragrant white to pink with purplish red flowers (winter to spring)
  • 'Alexandrina': 20-25' x 25-30', with slightly fragrant deep pink flowers with white (winter to spring) 
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Fruits:
Cone-like fruits (fall) that bare noticeable pink, red or reddish orange seeds
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Surface Roots (may occur)
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Magnolia stellata (STAR MAGNOLIA)
Climate Zone: 2b-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 8-10' x 15-20'
Foliage: Mid green leaves that turn yellow to brown (fall)
Flowers:
Semi-large (3-4" wide) fragrant star-shaped pure white delicate flowers (spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Melaleuca linariifolia (FLAXLEAF PAPERBARK, SNOW-IN-SUMMER)
Climate Zone: 9, 13-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 20-30' x 20-25'
Foliage: Needle-like, mid to bluish green
Flowers:
White (summer)
Trunk:
Distinctive white, papery trunk that can easily be peeled
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Kensington, CA
Metrosideros excelsus (NEW ZEALAND CHRISTMAS TREE)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 23, 24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate, but slow growth in clay soil conditions
Height/Width: 15-30'+ x 15-30'
Foliage: Deep green (above), whitish (below)
Flowers:
Red (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Long Beach, CA
Foliage
Flowers
Myoporum laetum (MOUSEHOLE TREE, NGAIO)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 14-17, 19-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 20-30' x 15-25'
Foliage: Shiny, dark green (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
White flowers with purple (summer)
Fruits:
Small, purple fruits that are poisonous
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Leaf, Fruit and Seed Litter Nuisance
  • Poisonous Fruits
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Lake Forest, CA
Olea europaea (OLIVE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 11-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width/Fruits:
  • O. europaea: 25-35' x 20-30', green fruits that mature to black (winter)
  • 'Swan Hill' ®: 25-30' x 25-30', bares no fruits
  • 'Wilsoni': 20-25' x 20-25', bares no fruits
Foliage: Gray-green
Flowers:
Small, white flowers ('Swan Hill': little to no pollen; 'Wisoni': no pollen)
Fruits:
Mid-green fruits that mature to black (winter); inedible without processing
Trunk:
Gray trunk
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Edible Fruits (when processed)
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: Napa Valley, CA (Silverado Winery)
Parkinsonia aculeata (MEXICAN PALO VERDE)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast, but will slow down with maturity
Height/Width: 15-30' x 15-30'
Foliage: Very small lace-like yellow-green leaves
Flowers:
Yellow flowers with red (spring), but may flower continuously thorughout the year
Trunk:
Noticeable yellow-green trunk with thorns
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: San Diego County, CA
Pinus thunbergii (JAPANESE BLACK PINE)
Climate Zone: 3-12, 14-21
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate (fast in the Northwest)
Height/Width: 15-20' x 10-20' (60-100' x 30-40' Northwest)
Foliage: Stiff (3-5" long) needle-like leaves, bright green, slightly fragrant in bundles of 2 
Cones:
3" oval, brown
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Air Pollution Tolerate ('Monina'/'Majestic Beauty'™ variety)
Photo Taken: San Francisco, CA (below: Placentia, CA)
Pittosporum eugenioides (LEMONWOOD)
Climate Zone: 9, 14-17, 19-22; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 20-40' x 15-30'
Foliage: Mid to yellow green
Flowers:
Fragrant, yelllow (spring)
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Corona del Mar, CA
Pittosporum undulatum (AUSTRALIAN MOCK ORANGE)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 21-24; H1, H2; (protection in zones 14, 15)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast, but slow with age
Height/Width: 25-40' x 25-40'
Foliage: Glossy, deep green
Flowers:
Fragrant, creamy white (spring)
Fruits:
Yellowish orange fruits with sticky golden-orange seeds
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fruit Litter Nuisance
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Pinole, CA
Foliage
Fruits and Foliage
Trunk
Prunus x blireiana (PINK FLOWERING PLUM)
Climate Zone: 3-22
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 20-25' x 15-20'
Foliage: New leaves are purplish red turning dark green to greenish bronze (summer)
Flowers:
Fragrant, pink to rose (winter to spring)
Uses:

  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be grown as a large shrub
Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA
Prunus cerasifera (CHERRY PLUM)
Climate Zone: 3-22
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width/Foliage/Flowers:
  • P. cerasifera: 20-30' x 20-30'; shiny dark green turning yellow to brown (fall); white flowers (winter to spring)
  • 'Atropurpurea' (PURPLE-LEAF PLUM): 25-35' x 25-35'; new copper-red leaves that mature to dark purple, then turn red (fall); white flowers (spring)
  • 'Newport': 15-20' x 15-20'; dark purple that turn reddish (fall); fragrant white to pale pink flowers (winter to spring)
  • 'Thundercloud': 15-20' x 15-20'; dark copper leaves; fragrant light pink to white flowers (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly - P. cerasifera only)
  • Foliage Changing Color (excluding 'Thundercloud')
  • Fragrant Flowers ('Newport' and 'Thundercloud')
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius' (PURPLE LEAF PLUM)
Climate Zone: 3-22
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 15-18' x 10-12'
Foliage: Dark purplish black
Flowers:
Light pink (winter to spring)
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: Sonoma, CA (Cline Cellars)
Flowering (overall)
Flowers
Year-Round Foliage
Prunus serrulata (FLOWERING CHERRY)
Climate Zone: 3-7, 14-20
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Prunus serrulata 'Kwanzan' (KWANZAN FLOWERING CHERRY)
Climate Zone: 3-7, 14-20
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 20-30' x 15-20'
Foliage: New leaves are reddish bronze that mature to dark green, then turn bronze-orange to orange-red (fall)
Flowers:
Dark pink (spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Pyrus calleryana (ORNAMENTAL PEAR)
Climate Zone: 2b-9, 14-21
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width/Foliage:
  • P calleryana: 30-50' x 30-50'; glossy dark green leaves that turn purplish red (fall)
  • 'Aristocrat': 30-40' x 20-25'; glossy dark green leaves that turn yellow to deep red to purplish red (fall)
  • 'Bradford': 35-50' x 20-30'; glossy dark green leaves turning yellow-red to purple-red (fall)
  • 'Chanticleer': 35-40' x 12-15'; glossy dark green turning orange to reddish-purple (fall)
  • 'Redspire': 30-35' x 20-25'; glossy dark green that turn yellow to red (fall) 
Flowers: White (spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Susceptible to Fireblight
Photo Taken: Brentwood, CA
Pyrus kawakamii (EVERGREEN PEAR)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 20-30' x 15-30'
Foliage: Glossy bright green leaves that darken with maturity
Flowers:
White (winter to spring)
Uses: 
  • Espalier Use
  • Highly Susceptible to Fireblight
Photo Taken: Concord, CA
Trunk and Bark
Foliage (year-round)
Salix exigua (SANDBAR WILLOW)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:
Deciduous
Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: South Lake Tahoe, CA
Sapium sebiferum (CHINESE TALLOW TREE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-16, 18-21; H1
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 30-40' x 20-35'
Foliage: Mid-green that turn purple, red, orange, yellow and a mixture of colors (fall)
Fruits:
Small, brown fruits with waxy, grayish white coating
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Schinus molle (CALIFRONIA PEPPER TREE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 25-40' x 30-40'
Foliage: Bright green, feather-like, weeping effect
Flowers:
Yellow-white (summer)
Fruits:
Numerous, pink berries (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Beaumont, CA

Schinus terebinthifolius (BRAZILIAN PEPPER TREE)
Climate Zone: 15-17, 19-24; H1, H2; (with shelter in zones 13, 14)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 20-30' x 20-30'
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
Yellow (summer)
Fruits:
Edible, pink peppercorns or berries (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Edible Fruits (peppercorns)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Surface Roots (possibly)
Photo Taken: Huntington Beach, CA
Yucca brevifolia (JOSHUA TREE)
Climate Zone: 7, 9-16, 18-23
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 15-30' x 20-30'
Foliage: Stiff, sword-like gray-green leaves with spines at the tip; spines throughout the plant
Flowers:
Creamy white to greenish white (spring)
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Joshua Tree National Park, CA
Ziziphus jujuba (CHINESE DATE, JUJUBE)
Climate Zone: 6-16, 18-24; H1
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 15-30' x 10-20'
Foliage: Glossy bright green leaves that turn yellow (fall)
Flowers:
Insignificant, slightly fragrant white to greenish yellow (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Edible reddish brown (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Edible Fruits (dried and freshly picked)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Fruit Litter Nuisance
Photo Taken: La Verne, CA