Gardenforms.com

TREES (Medium to Large Size)
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 2


Acer saccharinum (SILVER MAPLE)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-9, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to paritlal
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 40-100' x 40-100'
Foliage: Light green (above), silver (beneath), that turn red, orange and yellow (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Surface Roots (possibly)
Photo Taken: Santa Clara, CA (Robson Homes)
Araucaria colunaris (COOK PINE)
Climate Zone: x
Exposure:
x
Character:
x
Watering: x
Growth Rate: x
Height/Width: x
Foliage: x
Flowers:
x
Photo Taken: Maui, HI
Araucaria heterophylla (NORFOLK ISLAND PINE)
Climate Zone: 17, 21-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 90-100' x 40-60'
Foliage: Light green
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Commonly used as a Christmas tree in Hawaii
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Arbutus menziesii (MADRONA, MADRONE)
Climate Zone: 4-7, 14-19
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width:
  • Warm and Dry Climates: 20-30' x 20-30'
  • Cool and Moist Climate: 60-100' x 60-100'
Foliage: Glossy, dark green
Flowers:
White to light pink (spring)
Fruits:
Orange and red (summer)
Trunk:
Attractive reddish brown which peels off to show a smooth trunk
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Mount Tamalpais, Marin County, CA
Calocedrus decurrens (INCENSE CEDAR)
Climate Zone: 2-12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Low (zone 2, 4-7, 15-17); moderate (zone3, 8-12, 14, 18-24)
Growth Rate: Slow initially, but moderate growth rate once established
Height/Width: 75-90' x 10-15' (pyramidal)
Foliage: Fragrant, mid-green
Cones:
Small, yellowish brown to reddish brown
Trunk: Reddish brown
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: California Foothills
Bracychiton populneus (BOTTLE TREE)
Climate Zone: 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 30-50' x 25-30'
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
Greenish white (spring)
Fruits:
Clusters of wooden pods (summer) that can be a litter nuisance
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Lake Forest, CA
Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca' (BLUE ATLAS CEDAR)
Climate Zone: 3b-10, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 40-60' x 30-40'
Foliage: Silver-blue
Cones:
Numerous, small cones that fall consistently (year-round)
Male Catkins:
Produces an abundace of yellow dust pollen
Uses:
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Cedrus deodara (DEODAR CEDAR)
Climate Zone: 3b-10, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 60-80' x 40-50'
Foliage: Dull green to bluish depending on seedling selected
Cones:
Numerous, small cones that fall consistently (year-round)
Male Catkins:
Produces an abundance of yellow dust pollen
Uses:
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Chorisia insignis (WHITE FLOSS SILK TREE)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 15-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 40-50' x 40-50'
Foliage: Light green
Flowers:
White with pale yellow throat (fall to winter)
Fruits:
Green then brown pear-shaped fruits that contain seeds enclosed in silky floss
Trunk:
Green maturing to gray with noticeable spines cover the entire trunk
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Chorisia speciosa (FLOSS SILK TREE)
Climate Zone: 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 30-60' x 30-40'+
Foliage: Light green
Flowers:
Pink to burgundy (fall)
Fruits:
Green then brown pear-shaped fruits that contain seeds enclosed in silky floss
Trunk:
Green maturing to gray with noticeable spines cover the entire trunk
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA (Noguchi Garden, California Scenario)
Chorisia speciosa 'Monsa' ('Majestic Beauty' TM)
(PINK FLOWERING FLOSS SILK TREE)
Climate Zone: 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 35-40' x 30-35'
Foliage: Light green
Flowers:
Pink (fall)
Fruits: Green then brown pear-shaped fruits that contain seeds enclosed in silky floss
Trunk:
Green maturing to gray with noticeable spines cover the entire trunk
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Cinnamomum camphora (CAMPHOR TREE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 40-50'+ x 50-70'
Foliage: Fragrant leaves when crushed; new leaves are pink to red-bronze that mature to shiny yellow-green, then turn yellow-green (winter)
Flowers:
Insignificant, but fragrant yellow (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (when crushed)
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Excellant in windy areas
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA (bottom: Anaheim Hills, CA)
x Cupressocyparis leylandii (LEYLAND CYPRESS)
Climate Zone: 3b-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 50-70' x 10-15' (clipped hedge to 10-15')
Foliage: Fragrant when crushed, dark green tinge of gray
Cones:
Small
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (when crushed)
  • Fire Risk
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Excellent in windy areas
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Cupressus arizonica (ARIZONA CYPRESS)
Climate Zone: 7-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 30-50' x 20-40'; but with time can reach a mature height of 80-90'
Foliage: Slightly fragrant, blue-green
Cones:
Small
Trunk:
Attractive smooth reddish brown
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona, CA
Cupressus macrocarpa (MONTEREY CYPRESS)
Climate Zone*: Best in zone 17; possibly can be grown in zones 5-9, 11, 13-16, 18-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 30-40'+ x 30-40'
Foliage: Slightly Fragrant, dark green
Cones:
Small
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Wright's Beach, Bodega Bay, CA

*Sunset Climate Zones interpreted by author
Cupressus sempervirens (ITALIAN CYPRESS)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2; (best on zones 8-15, 18-21)
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 40-60' x 5-10'
Foliage: Slightly fragrant
  • C. sempervirens: Dark green
  • 'Glauca' (Blue Cypress): Blue-green
  • 'Stricta' (Columnar Italian Cypress): Dark green
Cones: Small, light brown
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge, Topiary
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA (Civic Center Plaza)
Cypress Arch Entry
Sidewalk Arch w/ Topairy
(Small Cones and Foliage)
Eucalyptus polyanthemos (SILVER DOLLAR GUM)
Climate Zone*: 8, 9, 13, 15-17, 19-24; (borderline in 5, 6, 10, 12, 14)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fas
Height/Width: 25-75' x 25-45'
Foliage: Gray-green; litter nuisance (year-round)
Flowers:
Creamy white (winter to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Susceptible to longhorn beetle and red gum lerp psyllid
Photo Taken: 

*Sunset Climate Zones interpreted by author
Ficus elastica (RUBBER TREE)
Climate Zone: 13, 16, 17, 19-24; H1, H2 or indoors
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 60-80' x 60-80'; over 100' where it is native
Foliage: Glossy, dark green; variegated leaves are mid-green and dark green with dominating cream margins
Fruits:
Inedible
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use (popular)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow as a shrub
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: 
Fraxinus velutina 'Modesto' (MODESTO ASH)
Climate Zone: 3-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 40-50' x 25-30'
Foliage: Glossy, mid-green that turn bright yellow (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Central Valley, CA
Ginkgo biloba (MAIDENHAIR TREE)
Climate Zone: A3; 1-10, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate/Height/Width:
  • G. biloba: Slow, 35-80' x 30-60'
  • 'Autumn Gold' ™: Slow, 35-40' x 25-35'
  • 'Fairmount': Fast, 40-50' x 15-20'
Foliage: Light green that turn yellow-gold (fall)
Fruits:
Female specimen produces messy fruits with an unpleasant odor; select the male-variety is recommended
Uses:
  • Odor Fruits (female variety)
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Tolerates Pollution
Photo Taken: San Marino, CA (Huntington Botanical Gardens)
Grevillea robusta (SILK OAK)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 50-70'+ x 25-40'
Foliage: Deep green and bronze (above), whitish (beneath)
Flowers:
Deep orange (spring)
Uses: 
  • Deer Resistant
  • Leaf Litter Nuisance
  • Weak Branch Structure
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of the Pacific)
Gleditsia triacanthos (HONEY LOCUST)
Climate Zone: 1-16, 18-20
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width:
  • G. triacanthos: 35-70' x 25-35'
  • G. t. inermis (Thornless Honey Locust): 40-50' x 40-50'
  • G. t. i. 'Shademaster': 45-60' x 30-35'
Foliage: Bright green, fern-like leaves that turn yellow (fall)
Fruits:
Noticeable, 12-18" long pods with edible, tastless pulp
Uses:
  • Edible (fruit pulp)
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Ersoion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Martinez, CA
Liquidambar styraciflua (AMERICAN SWEET GUM)
Climate Zone: 3-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 40-60' x 20-25'
Foliage: Glossy, maple-like leaves that turn color (fall)
  • L. styraciflua: Mid-green, turns dark purple, yellow and red
  • 'Burgundy': Mid-green, turns deep purple-red
  • 'Festival': Mid-green, turns yellow, pink, orange, red and peach
  • 'Palo Alto': Mid-green, turns orange-red and bright red
Fruits: Small, 1" round, spiny seed-balls (winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fruit Litter
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Developed ('Burgundy'™, 'Festival'™, 'Palo Alto'™)
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Fall Changing Color
Fall Changing Color
Liquidambar styraciflua 'Rotundiloba'
(FRUITLESS AMERICAN SWEET GUM)
Climate Zone: 3-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 40-60' x 20-25'
Foliage: Glossy, dark green maple-like leaves that turn yellow, red, burgundy and purple (fall)
Fruits: Bare no fruits
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fruitless
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Orange, CA (Chapman University)
Liriodendron tulipifera (TULIP TREE, YELLOW POPLAR)
Climate Zone: 2-12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 60-80'+ x 30-40'; (grows 150'+ tall in Virgin Cove Forests of the Appalachian Mountains) 
Foliage: Shiny, four-lobed, dark green leaves (above), pale green (beneath) which turns gold to yellow (fall)
Flowers:
Noticeable, fragrant pale green or yellow (spring in SW USA; Summer in NW USA)
Fruits:
Narrow, light brone cones (winter)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of the Pacific)
Spring to Summer Foilage
Fall Changing Color
Lophostemon confertus (BRISBANE BOX)
(syn. Tristania conferta)
Climate Zone: 15-17, 19-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 40-70' x 25-40'
Foliage: Bright green
Trunk:
Attractive reddish brown
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Magnolia grandiflora (SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA)
Climate Zone: 4-12, 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 60-80' x 30-50'
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green (above), rust-colored (beneath)
Flowers:
Fragrant, white (summer to fall)
Fruits:
Brown cone-like (summer to fall) that bare pink, red or reddish orange seeds
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
  • Surface Roots
  • Leaf Litter Nuisance 
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Metasequoia glyptostroboides (DAWN REDWOOD)
Climate Zone: A3; 3-10, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 80-90' x 20-40'
Foliage: Pale green that turn light bronze (fall)
Cones:
Small, light brown (female) and brown (male) cones
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Deer Resistant 
Photo Taken: Oakland, CA (Mountain View Cemetery)
Morus alba 'Fruitless' (FRUITLESS MULBERRY)
Climate Zone: 2-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 30-50' x 30-50'
Foliage: Large, deeply lobed, mid-green leaves that turn shades of yellow (fall)
Fruits:
  • M. alba (female): Abundance of white, pink or purple edible, slightly sweet but tasteless fruits (summer)
  • 'Fruitless' (male): bares no fruit, but produces large quantities of pollen (spring)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Edible Fruit
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Fruit and Leaf Litter Nuisance
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: La Verne, CA
Pinus canariensis (CANARY ISLAND PINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 50-80' x 20-35'
Foliage: Dark green, slightly fragrant needles, 9-12" long in bundles of 3; which abundance of needles fall year-round, especially during the spring
Cones:
4-9" oval cones
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Leaf (Needle) Litter Nuisance
Photo Taken: 
Pinus halepensis (ALEPPO PINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 11-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 30-60' x 20-40'
Foliage: Light green, slightly fragrant needles, 2-4" long in bundles of 2; which abundance of needles fall year-round, especially during the spring
Cones:
3" oval cones
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Leaf (Needle) Litter Nuisance 
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of the Pacific)
Pinus monticola (WESTERN WHITE PINE)
Climate Zone: 1-7
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Fast, then moderate to slow growth to matured height
Height/Width: 50-60' x 15-20' (pyramidal)
Foliage: Thin, soft blue-green striped white (beneath), 1.5-4" long in bundles of 5
Cones:
5-11" long, slender, light brown
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: South Lake Tahoe, CA
Pinus pinea (ITALIAN STONE PINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 40-80' x 30-60'
Foliage: Dark green, slightly fragrant needles, 5-8" long in bundles of 2; which abundance of needles fall year-round, especially during the spring
Cones:
4-6" oval cones that provides edible seeds (pine nuts)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly)
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Edible (pine nuts)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Leaf (Needle) Litter Nuisance 
Photo Taken: Los Angeles, CA (Getty Museum)
Pistacia chinensis (CHINESE PISTACHE)
Climate Zone: 4-16, 18-23; (little grown in zones 4-7)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 30-60' x 30-50'
Foliage: Glossy, deep green that turn bright red, dark red, orange and yellow (fall)
Fruits: Red fruits that turn bluish black (winter)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Foliage and Fruit Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken:
Platanus x acerifolia (LONDON PLANE TREE)
Climate Zone: 2-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 50-80' x 30-40'
Foliage: Large, maple-like, mid-green leaves that turn yellow-brown (fall)x
Fruits:
Noticeable rounded, brown seed balls
Trunk:
Attractive, tan to gray-colored
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Tolerates Air Polluation
  • Disease Resistant
    • 'Bloodgood': resistant to anthracnose
    • 'Columbia': Resistant to anthracnose and mildew
    • 'Yarwood': Resistant mildew
Photo Taken: Yountville (Napa Valley), CA
Spring to Summer Foliage
Early Fall Foliage
Fall Coloring Foliage
Trunk
Platanus racemosa (CALIFORNIA SYCAMORE)
Climate Zone: x
Exposure:
x
Character:
x
Watering: x
Growth Rate: x
Height/Width: x
Foliage: x
Flowers:
x
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Podocarpus gracilior (AFRICAN FERN PINE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 13-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 40-60' x 20-40'
Foliage: Glossy, needle-like light green leaves that mature to dark green
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
  • Can grow as a shrub
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Tolerate Air Pollution
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona, CA
Podocarpus macrophyllus (JAPANESE YEW PINE)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to Moderate
Height/Width: 40-50' x 20-25'+
Foliage: Needle-like, bright green
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Populus fremontii (WESTERN COTTONWOOD)
Climate Zone: 1-12, 14-21
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 40-60'+ x 30-40'
Foliage: Glossy, yellow-green that turn bright yellow (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • CA Native
  • Leaf Litter
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA
Populus nigra 'Italica' (LOMBARDY POPLAR)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-11, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast to very fast
Height/Width: 40-100' x 15-30'
Foliage: Bright green that turn golden yellow (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA
Spring to Summer Color
Winter Season
Fall Coloring Foliage
Fall and Summer Foliage
Winter Season
Fall Changing Color
Populus tremuloides (MOUNTAIN ASPEN)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-7, 14-19
Exposure:
Slow
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: 
Growth Rate: Moderate; grows slow in lowlands
Height/Width: 20-60' x 15-30'
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green leaves that flutter with any air movement, which turns bright golden yellow (fall)
Trunk:
Pale gray-green to whitish bark
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Hope Valley (Carson Pass Highway 88), CA
Spring to Summer Foliage
Trunk
Quercus agrifolia (COAST LIVE OAK)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 30-70' x 40-80' (clipped hedge to 10-12')
Foliage: Glossy, dark green with spiny edges that are cupped
Fruits:
0.75"-2" acorns in a narrow elliptical, conical shape
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Susceptible to oak root fungus
Photo Taken: Sunol, CA
Trunk
Foliage
Quercus lobata (CALIFORNIA WHITE OAK, VALLEY OAK)
Climate Zone: 3b-9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 50-75'+ x 50-80'+
Foliage: Mid to dark green (above), pale green (beneath), deeply lobed
Acorns:
1.5-2.5" oval or conical shape
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Sunol, CA
Quercus palustris (PIN OAK, SWAMP SPANISH OAK)
Climate Zone: 2-10, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 50-80' x 30-40'
Foliage: Glossy dark green, deeply loped 3-6" that turn yellow, red to russet brown (fall)
Acorns:
0.75" near round
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow in lawns
Photo Taken: Danville, CA
Quercus suber (CORK OAK)
Climate Zone: x
Exposure:
x
Character:
x
Watering: x
Growth Rate: x
Height/Width: x
Foliage: x
Flowers:
x
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant 
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of the Pacific)
Salix babylonica (WEEPING WILLOW)
Climate Zone: 3-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 30-50' x 30-60'
Foliage: Mid to light green, narrow elliptical that turns orange or yellow (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: Sonoma, CA
Sequoia sempervirens (COAST REDWOOD, REDWOOD)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 70-90'+ x 15-30'; but has reached 350' where it is native
Trunk: Fragrant, reddish brown; suckering at the base will occur
Foliage:

  • S. sempervirens: Mid-green (above), gray-like (beneath)
  • 'Aptos Blue': Blue-green
  • 'Santa Cruz': Light green with soft-textured folaige
  • 'Soquel': Bluish green
Cones: Small, mid-green (female) cones and brownish green (male) cones
Uses:
  • Fragrant Trunk
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Oakland, CA (below: Walnut Creek, CA)
Taxodium distichum (BALD CYPRESS)
Climate Zone: 2-10, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 60-100' x 20-30'
Foliage: Greenish yellow that turn bright orange-brown (fall)
Cones:
Mid-green (female) that ripen to brown (fall) and reddish (male) cones (winter)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Deciduous Conifer
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona
Tipuana tipu (TIPU TREE)
Climate Zone: 13-16, 18-24; H1, H2; (warm areas in zone 12)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 25-50' x 30-60'
Foliage: Bright, mid-green
Flowers:
Apricot to yellow (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Flower and Fruit Litter Nuiscance
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Ulmus parvifolia (CHINESE ELM)
Climate Zone: 3-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous, semi-evergreen; 'True Green' variety is more evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate/Height/Width:
  • U. parvifolia: Moderate to fast to 40-60' x 50-70'
  • 'Drake': Fast to 30-35' x 40-45'; weeping effect
  • 'True Green': Moderate to 40-50' x 40-50'
Foliage: Leathery, glossy dark green (above), paler green (below)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Surface Roots
Photo Taken: 
Zelkova serrata (SAWLEAF ZELKOVA)
Climate Zone: 3-21
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 40-60'+ x 40-60'+
Foliage: Mid-green turning yellow to dark reddish brown (fall), which deepens with chill
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Marin City, CA