Gardenforms.com

SHRUBS (Medium to Large Size)
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 4


Abelia x grandiflora (GLOSSY ABELIA)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-10' x 5-6'
Foliage: New leaves are bronzy maturing to glossy deep green
Flowers:
Slight fragrant white  flowers with pink tinge (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can under and around Oaks
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA
Abutilon hybrids (FLOWERING MAPLE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 8-10' x 8-10'
Foliage: Maple-like, mid gray-green
Flowers:
White, yellow, pink, red or lavender flowers (spring); white and yellow flower hybrids seem to bloom (year-round)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA
Acacia cultriformis (KNIFE ACACIA)
Climate Zone: 13-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-12' x 6-15'
Foliage: Grayish green
Flowers:
Yellow (spring)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can be trained as a small tree
Photo Taken: Phoenix, AZ
Acacia redolens (PROSTRATE ACACIA)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Exposure
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 3-12' x 15-30'
Foliage: Gray-green
Flowers:
Yellow (spring)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA
Alyogyne huegelii (BLUE HIBISCUS)
Climate Zone: 13-17, 20-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-8' x 6-10'
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
Light blue to deep purple (spring to summer)
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Corona del Mar, CA
Arbutus unedo (STRAWBERRY TREE)
Climate Zone: 4-24; (damage in severe winters in zones 4-7)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width:
  • Arbutus unedo: 8-35' x 8-35'
  • 'Compacta': 6-12' x 6-12'
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
White to pink (fall to winter)
Fruits:
Edible yellow fruits that mature to red (winter)
Uses:
  • Edible Fruits
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks (possibly)
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Fruit Litter Nuisance
Photo Taken: Los Gatos, CA (Robson Homes)
Arctostaphylos manzanita (COMMON MANZANITA)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-20' x 4-10'
Foliage: Shiny, bright to dull green
Flowers:
White to pink (winter to spring)
Fruits:
White fruits that mature to deep red (summer)
Trunk:
Attractive brownish bark that eventually peels off to a smooth multi-colored brown and maroon trunk; which is even more attractive when it rains turning dark brown
Uses:

  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under and around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Julian, CA
Brugmansia x candida (ANGEL'S TRUMPET)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 16-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen, semi-deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 10-12' x 10-12'
Foliage: Large, dull to mid-green
Flowers:
Fragrant, cream to white (summer to fall)
Uses:

  • Shade Exposure
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Poisonous Plant (all parts)
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona
Brunfelsia pauciflora 'Floribunda'
(YESTERDAY-TODAY-AND-TOMORROW)
Climate Zone: 12-17, 20-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-10' x 4-6'
Foliage: Dark green leaves (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
Purple flowers that fade to lavdner, then to white (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use (possibly)
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Buxus sempervirens (COMMON BOXWOOD, ENGLISH BOXWOOD)
Climate Zone: 3b-6, 15-17
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 15-20' x 15-20'
Foliage: Dark green
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: 
Calliandra haematocephala (PINK POWDER PUFF)
Climate Zone: 22-24; H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 8-12' x 10-20'
Foliage: Glossy, cooper-colored new leaves that mature to dark green
Flowers:
Pink to red puff flowers (fall to spring)
Uses:
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Corona del Mar, CA
Camellia japonica (JAPANESE CAMELLIA)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24; H1
Exposure:
Partial; shade exposure in desert climates
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-12' x 6-12' (can grow to 15-20' tall)
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green
Flowers:
Lavender, red, pink, white, orange to yellow (fall to spring)
Uses:

  • Shade Exposure (desert climates)
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, Ca
Camellia sasanqua 'Yuletide (SASANQUA CAMELLIA)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 2-12' x 6-12'
Foliage: Dark green leaves (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
Scarlet, rose, pink pale pink to white (fall to winter
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: 
Carissa macrocarpa (NATAL PLUM)
Climate Zone: 22-24; H2; (possible in zones 12, 13, 16-21)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-7'+ x 5-7'+
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Flowers:
Fragrant, white (spring to summer)
Fruits: Edible red fruits (summer to fall), with poisonous seeds to look out for
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Edible Fruits (poisonous seeds)
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: 
Ceanothus species (CALIFORNIA LILAC)
Climate Zone: 
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width:
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
Medium to deep blue ('Dark Star' variety with fragrant flowers)
Uses:

  • Fragrant Flowers ('Dark Star' variety)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (excluding C. griseus variety)
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA 
Cotoneaster lacteus (RED CLUSTERBERRY)
Climate Zone: 4-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-10' x 10-12'
Foliage: Dark green (above), whitish green (beneath)
Flowers:
White (spring)
Fruits: Showy red fruits (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Cycas revoluta (SAGO PALM)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Very slow
Height/Width: 6-10' x 5-7' (small for many years)
Foliage: Long, glossy dark green leaves with stiff leaflets
Flowers:
Golden-brown, 12-18" long (male) inflorescences
Fruits: Showy, yellow (female) fruits
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Dodonaea viscosa (HOPSEED BUSH)
Climate Zone: 7-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-18' x 6-12'
Foliage: Yellow to mid-green
Fruits:
Showy, reddish brown, light brown, yellow, green, pink or purple capsules (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Dodonaea viscosa 'Purpurea' (PURPLE-LEAF HOPSEED BUSH)
Climate Zone: 7-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-15' x 6-10'
Foliage: Bronze-purple leaves that turn deep purple (winter or cold weather)
Fruits:
Showy, reddish brown, light brown, yellow, green, pink or purple capsules (spring to summer)
Uses:

  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: 
Echium candicans (PRIDE OF MADEIRA)
Climate Zone: 14-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-6'+ x 6-10' (eventually can grow to 10' tall)
Foliage: Gray-green
Flowers:
Bluish purple flowers on 1-3' long stalks just above the foliage (spring to summer)
Uses:

  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Elaeagnus pungens (SILVERBERRY)
Climate Zone: 4-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-15' x 6-15'
Foliage: New leaves are bronze, maturing to gray-green (above), golden-tan (beneath)
Flowers:
Insignificant, but slightly fragrant with a carnation-scent, cream flowers (spring)
Uses:

  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: 
Escallonia rubra (RED ESCALLONIA)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-15' x 6-15'
Foliage: Glossy, dark green
Flowers:
Fragrant red to deep red (spring to summer)
Uses:

  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: 
Fatsia japonica (JAPANESE ARALIA)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 5-8' x 5-8'
Foliage: Large, fan-like fingered, glossy dark green leaves
Flowers:
white (fall to witner)
Fruits: Black fruits (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (questionable during field observation, zone 15)
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Fatsia japonica 'Spider Web' (VARIEGATED JAPANESE ARALIA)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 4-5' x 3-5'
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Feijoa sellowiana (PINEAPPLE GUAVA)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 12-24; H1, H2; (marginal in zone 6)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate; supplemental amounts of water for fruit production
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 15-25' x 15-25'
Foliage: Glossy, deep green (above), grayish white (beneath)
Flowers:
Edible red and white flowers (spring to summer)
Fruits: Edible, gray-green (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Edible Flowers and Fruits
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Long Beach, CA
Fouquieria splendens (OCOTILLO)
Climate Zone: 10-13, 18-20
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 8-25' x 5-15' (upright overall form)
Foliage: Bright green leaves on white-striped, dark green stems covered with spines
Flowers:
Red to deep red-orange, occasionally yellow (spring to summer)
Uses:

  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Joshua Tree National Forest, CA
Grewia occidentalis (LAVENDER STARFLOWER)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-10' x 6-10'
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Lavender-pink with yellow centers (spring to summer); may continuously flower in the fall
Fruits:
Yellow-orange to purple fruits
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: 
Heteromeles arbutifolia (CALIFORNIA HOLLY, TOYON)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 12-18'+ x 15-20'; can also grow as a 15-25' tall tree
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
Creamy white (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Red to yellow berries that are a food source for wildlife and birds; although harmful for human consumption
Uses:

  • Harmful Berries (human consumption)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant (considered Fire Risk in other references)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
  • Bird and Wildlife Food Source
Photo Taken: Los Gatos, CA (Robson Homes)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (CHINESE HIBISCUS)
Climate Zone: 9, 12-16, 19-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun; can possibly tolerate a partial exposure
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-12' x 8-12'
Foliage: Glossy, dark green
Flowers:
White, pink, red, yellow, orange, apricot or bicolor (summer)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Possibly Susceptible to white fly infestation
Photo Taken:
Hydrangea macrophylla (BIGLEAF HYDRANGEA)
Climate Zone: 3b-9, 14-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun to partial; can tolerate shade
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-8'+ x 4-8'+; in time, can grow to 12' tall
Foliage: Glossy, dark green
Flowers:
Blue, white, pink or red (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerant
Photo Taken: Seal Beach, CA
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii' (BURFORD HOLLY)
Climate Zone: 4-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-12'+ x 8-12'
Foliage: Glossy dark green, stiff, cupped slightly downward, spineless with a single spine at the tip of the leaf
Fruits:
Bright red berries
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Juniperus chinensis 'Torulosa' (HOLLYWOOD JUNIPER)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evegreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 15-25' x 10-20' (irregular, twisted form)
Foliage: Deep green, unpleasant scent
Trunk:
Brownish, twisted shaped trunk
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage (unpleasant scent)
  • Fire Risk (extreme)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Lavatera maritima (syn. Lavatera bicolor)
(BUSH MALLOW)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24
Exposure:
Shade to partial; can tolerate full sun exposure
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-8' x 8-12'
Foliage: Maple-like, gray-green
Flowers:
White or light pink  with purple centers (spring to fall)
Fruits:
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Corona del Mar, CA (Sherman Gardens)
Leptospermum scoparium (NEW ZEALAND TREE)
Climate Zone: 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-10' x 4-6'
Foliage: Tiny, needle-like, mid to dark green
Flowers:
White, pink, red (winter to spring)
Uses:

  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Leptospermum scoparium 'Crimson Gray'
(PINK FLOWERING NEW ZEALAND TREE)
Climate Zone: 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 
Foliage: Tiny, needle-like, mid to dark green
Flowers:

Uses:

  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Leptospermum scoparium 'Helene Strybing'
(PINK-FLOWERING NEW ZEALAND TEA TREE)
Climate Zone: 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-10' x 6-10'
Foliage: Tiny, needle-like, mid to dark green
Flowers:
Deep pink (winter to spring); which can flower continuously in the summer
Fruits:
Uses:

  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken:
Leptospermum scoparium 'Ruby Glow'
(RED-FLOWERING NEW ZEALAND TEA TREE)
Climate Zone: 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-10'+ x 6-10'; can grow as a 15' tall tree
Foliage: Tiny, needle-like, mid to dark green
Flowers:
Deep red (winter to spring)
Uses:

  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Martinez, CA
Ligustrum japonicum (JAPANESE PRIVET)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 10-12' x 8-12'
Foliage: Glossy dark green (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
Creamy white to yellow (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Purplish black berries (fall)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Saint Helena, CA (V. Sattui Winery)
Ligustrum japonicum 'Texanum' (Dwarf Japanese Privet)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-9' x 4-7'
Foliage: Glossy dark green (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
Creamy white to yellow (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Purplish black berries (fall)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: City of Irvine, CA (Civic Center)
Mahonia lomariifolia (VENETIAN BLIND MAHONIA)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; (borderline in zone 6)
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-12' x 6-8'
Foliage: Deep green
Flowers:
Yellow (winter to spring)
Fruits:
Blue (spring summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Michelia figo (BANANA SHRUB)
Climate Zone: 9, 14-24; H1, H2; (borderline in zone 6)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 6-9'+ x 4-7'+; can grow to a mature height of 15' tall
Foliage: Dark green (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
Fragrant creamy yellow flowers edged with brownish purple (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken:
Monstera deliciosa
(MEXICAN BREADFRUIT, SWISS-CHEESE PHILODENDRON)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 22-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Partial; shade tolerate
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-10'+ x 10-20'
Foliage: Large, oblong, glossy mid to dark green leaves that are perforated and serrated at maturity; young leaves are solid
Flowers:
White flowers with maturity
Fruits:
Edible, cream fruits when ripe, but harmful it consumed before the fruit is ripe
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Edible Fruits (harmful if consumed before fruit is ripe)
  • Indoor Use
  • Can be trained as a vine
Photo Taken: Maui, HI
Nerium oleander (OLEANDER, ROSE BAY)
Climate Zone: 8-16, 18-24; H1, H2; (seen grown in zones 7, 17)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 8-12' x 8-12'
Foliage: Narrow, semi-long mid to dark green
Flowers:
White, pink, red, salmon or yellow (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Poisonous (all parts)
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA (below left: Newport Beach, CA)
Osmanthus fragrans (FRAGRANT OLIVE)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1; (protection in zones 5-7)
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-10'+ x 6-8'+; can reach 30' tall x 10-12'
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green
Flowers:
Tiny, fragrant white flowers (spring to summer)
Fruits:
Bluish black
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA
Philodendron bipinnatifidum (CUT-LEAF PHILODENDRON)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-15' x 6-15' 
Foliage: Large, heart-shaped and deeply serrated, mid green leaves
Flowers:
Rarely seen; when in bloom, showy green to purplish red spathes that emerge greenish white
Trunk:
Distinctive scared trunk, dark brown surrounding light beige circles where the leave stems eventually fell off from
Roots:
Once established, noticeable mid-brown roots stemmed off of trunk
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Corona del Mar, CA (Sherman Gardens)
Philodendron Xanadu™ 'Winterbourn' (WINTERBORN PHILODENDRON)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Fruits:
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Photinia x fraseri (RED-LEAF PHOTINIA)
Climate Zone: 4-24; (protection in zone 3b)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 10-15' x 10-15'+
Foliage: New leaves are bronze to bright red, maturing to dark green
Flowers:
White (spring)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
  • Susceptible to powdery mildew and fireblight
Photo Taken:
Pittosporum tennuifolium (BLACK-STEM KOHUHU)
Climate Zone: 9, 14-17, 19-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 15-25' x 10-20'
Foliage: Glossy, elliptical with rippled margins, mid to deep green leaves
Flowers:
Insignificant, but fragrant dark purple (spring)
Branches:
Noticeable grayish to black stems
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Fire Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Corona del Mar, CA (Sherman Gardens)
Pittosporum tennuifolium 'Marjorie Channon'
(VARIEGATED BLACK-STEM KOHUHU)
Climate Zone: 9, 14-17, 19-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 
Foliage: Glossy, ovate variegated white and mid-green leaves
Flowers:

Branches:
Noticeable black stems
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Pittospoum tobira (JAPANESE MOCK ORANGE)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2; (possible in zones 4-7)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-15' x 6-15'
Foliage: Shiny, dark green (above), pale green (beneath)
Flowers:
Noticeable, fragrant creamy white (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be grown as a small tree
Photo Taken: Martinez, CA
Pittosporum tobira 'smaller varieties' (JAPANESE MOCK ORANGE)
     -For information on smaller varieties, see Shrubs (Small to Medium)
  • 'Cream De Mint™
  • 'Variegata'
  • 'Wheeler's Dwarf'
Plumbago auriculata (CAPE PLUMBAGO, SKYFLOWER)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, semi-evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 5-6' x 8-12'
Foliage: Mid to pale green
Flowers:
White to light blue (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be grown as a vine
Photo Taken:
Podocarpus macrophyllus maki (SHRUBBY YEW PINE)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 8-10'+ x 2-4'; eventually can grow to 15' tall
Foliage: Needle-like, mid to dark green
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Prunus caroliniana 'Bright 'n Tight'™ (Sold also as P. c. 'Monus')
(COMPACT CAROLINA LAUREL CHERRY)
Climate Zone: 5-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-10' x 6-8'; may reach a much larger size if untrimmed
Foliage: Glossy, deep green
Flowers:
Creamy white (winter to spring)
Fruits:
Black fruits that can be a nuisance (summer)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • Fruit Litter Nuisance
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Punica granatum (POMEGRANATE)
Climate Zone: 5-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width/Flowers:
  • P. granatum: 12-18' x 12-18', with red to orange or white flowers (spring to summer)
  • 'Wonderful': 8-10' x 8-10', with orange red flowers
Foliage: New leaves are bronzy, maturing to glossy bright green or yellowish green, then turning bright yellow (fall)
Fruits:
Edible, red fruits (fall); pick immediately when fruit starts to crack open
Uses:
  • Foliage Chaning Color
  • Edible Fruits
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be grown as a patio tree
Photo Taken: Stockton, CA (University of Pacific)
Pyracantha coccinea (FIRETHORN)
Climate Zone: 3-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 8-12'+ x 8-12'+
Foliage: Glossy, dark green
Flowers:
Showy, but unpleasant scented creamy white (spring)
Fruits:
Showy red-orange berries (summer to fall)
Branches:
Heavily armed with thorns to look out for
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Rhamnus californica (CALIFORNIA COFFEEBERRY)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial; can tolerate shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-15' x 8-12'+
Foliage: Dull dark green to yellowish green leaves (above), pale green (beneath)
Fruits:
Noticeable green berries that eventaully ripen to red or black (fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can grow under and around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken:
Rhaphiolepis x 'Majestic Beauty' ™ (GRANDE INDIAN HAWTHORN)
(Sold also as: R. x 'Montic')
Climate Zone: 8-10, 12-24; H1, H2; (possible zones 4-7)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-12' x 6-12'; can be trained as a 8-12' tall patio tree
Foliage: Deep green
Flowers:
Fragrant pink flowers (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken:

For smaller varieties, refer to Shrubs (Small to Medium)
Rhododendron species (PINK-FLOWERING RHODY)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Fruits:
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Rosa banksiae 'Lutea' (YELLOW LADY BANKS' ROSE)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, cold-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-20' x 15-20'
Foliage: Glossy, pale green
Flowers:
Yellow, non-fragrance (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be grown as a vine or ground cover
Photo Taken:
Rosa banksiae 'Alba Plena' (WHITE LADY BANKS' ROSE)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen, cold-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-20' x 15-20'
Foliage: Glossy, pale green
Flowers:
Fragrant, white (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be grown as a vine or ground cover
Photo Taken: West Covina, CA
Schefflera actinophylla (syn. Brassaia)
(QUEENSLAND UMBRELLA TREE)
Climate Zone: 21-24; H1, H2; (with protection, borderline in zones 16-21)
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 20-40' x 20-40'
Foliage: 8-12" oblong, elliptical, glossy bright green (6-16 leaflets) that radiate outward like an umbrella
Flowers:
Noticeable, brownish pink to dull red (summer to fall) that age to yellowish green to pink, to even deep red on flower spikes that resemble the tentacles of an octopus
Fruits:
Globose, red to black
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: Lahaina, Maui, HI
Schefflera arboricola (HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA)
Climate Zone: 23, 24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-15'+ x 6-15'+
Foliage: Fingered, glossy dark green 
Flowers:
Noticeable, but rarely seen yellow flowers (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA (Zone 15 grown for 5+ years in full exposure to the elements)
Schefflera arboricola 'Varigata'
(VARIEGATED-LEAF HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA)
Climate Zone: 23, 24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-15'+ x 6-15'+
Foliage: Fingered, glossy mid-green and yellow variegated leaves 
Flowers:
Noticeable, but rarely seen yellow flowers (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Espalier Use
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA (Zone 15 grown for 5+ years protected under a roof eave overhang)
Schefflera elegantissima (syn. Dizygotheca elegantissima)
(FALSE ARALIA)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 22-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial; can tolerate shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-25' x 15-25'
Foliage: Distinctively toothen, long, narrow elliptical, glossy dark green (above), dark brownish green (beneath)
Flowers: Noticeable, greenish yellow (summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken:
Schefflera puechleri (syn. Tupidanthus calyptratus)
(MALLET FLOWER, TUPIDANTHUS)
Climate Zone: 19-24; H1, H2; or indoors; (with protection, seen grown in zone 13)
Exposure:
Sun to partial; can tolerate shade
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 15-20' x 15-20'
Foliage: Nearly identical to S. actinophylla with 8-12" oblang, elliptical glossy bright to mid-green leaves that radiate outward to an umbrella in form, where the difference from S. actinophylla is the reddish leaf petioles
Flowers:
Noticealbe greenish (summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken:
Solanum rantonnetii (BLUE POTATO BUSH, NIGHTSHADE)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 15-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen, cold-deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width/Flowers:
  • S. rantonnetii: 8-12' x 6-10' with purple flowers (spring to fall)
  • 'Royal Robe': 6-8' x 6-8' with dark pueple flowers with yellow centers (spring to fall)
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a vine, ground cover, small patio tree
Photo Taken:
Tecoma capensis (CAPE HONEYSUCKLE)
Climate Zone: 12, 13, 20-24; H1, H2; (protection zones 14, 15, 18, 19)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-8' x 12-15'
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green
Flowers:
Bright orange to red (summer to winter)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Can be grown as a vine to a 15-25' tall patio tree
Photo Taken:
Thevetia peruviana (LUCKY NUT, YELLOW OLEANDER)
Climate Zone: 13, 21-24; H1, H2; (seen grown in zone 18)
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-10'+ x 6-10'
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Flowers:
Fragrant, yellow to apricot (summer to fall)
Fruits:
Red fruits that mature to black
Uses:
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree or a 15-20' tall tree
Photo Taken:
Tibouchina urvilleana (PRINCESS FLOWER)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 21-24; H1, H2; (protection in zones 14, 15)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 5-18' x 3-10'
Foliage: New leaves are hairy, braonzy red and orange, maturing to mid to dark green, with red, orange or yellow spots
Flowers:
Deep velvet purple (spring to winter)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use (cold climate zones)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can be trained as a patio tree
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Viburnum species (VIBURNUM)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Fruits:
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Clipped Hedge
Photo Taken:
Xylosma congestum (SHINY XYLOSMA)
Climate Zone: 8-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 8-10' x 8-10'+
Foliage: New leaves are shiny bronze, maturing to shiny yellow-green
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Espalier Use
  • Clipped Hedge
  • Can tolerate air pollution
Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA