Gardenforms

Plant Photo Library

PERENNIALS (Phormium Varieties - New Zealand Flax)
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 12


Nearly all Photographs have been taken during a visit at the Monroe Pacific Nursery in Huntington Beach, CA
Phormium cookianum (MOUNTAIN FLAX)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-5' x 6-8'+ (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Mid-olive green that are generally pinkish at the base
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
P. c. 'Cream Delight'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3' x 2-4' (arching form)
Foliage: Creamy yellow mid-stripes, mid-green margins edged with red.
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. c. 'Tricolor'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 3-5' (arching form)
Foliage: Green mid-striped with yellow stripes that are edged with red margins
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Phormium tenax (NEW ZEALAND FLAX)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 7-8' x 5-8' (upright form)
Foliage: Olive-green leaves
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
P. t. 'Atropurpureum' (syn. 'Purpureum', 'Bronze', 'Rubrum')
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-8' x 6-8' (upright form)
Foliage: Reddish purple leaves
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Bronze Baby'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-5' x 3-5' (upright form)
Foliage: Dark reddish brown leaves
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. t. 'Dusky Chief'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-6' x 4-6' (upright form)
Foliage: Deep dark red leaves
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Jack Spratt'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 18" x 18" (upright form)
Foliage: Reddish brown leaves
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Pink Stripe' (syn. Pink Edge')
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-6' x 4-6' (upright form)
Foliage: Bronze to gray-green leaves edged with pink
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Rubra' (Red Flax)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3' (upright form)
Foliage: Deep red leaves
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Tom Thumb'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3' (upright form)
Foliage: Mid-green leaves, edged with red-bronze margins
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Variegatum' (Variegated Flax)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-8' x 6-8' (upright form)
Foliage: Greenish gray leaves with cream margins
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. t. 'Veitchianum' (syn. Radiance', 'Williamsii Variegatum')
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-6' x 6-7' (upright form)
Foliage: Mid-green leaves with a gold-band mid-stripe
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

Phormium hybrid and cultivars
P. 'Amazing Red' (RED FLAX)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 4-5' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Dark reddish to chocolate brown
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Apricot Queen'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 4-5' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Twisted, light to pale yellowish leaves and green margins that fade to apricot (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Dark Delight'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 6-8' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Dark reddish brown
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Dazzler'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 6-8' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Twisting striped, deep dark red with scarlet stipes  
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
P. 'Dwarf Burgundy' (DWARF RED FLAX)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 24-30" x 3'
Foliage: Dark reddish brown to dark burgnudy
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. 'Firebird'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-5' x 4-6' (upright form)
Foliage: Stiff, reddish leaves with greenish bronze margins that fade to bronzy orange (summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Flamingo'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2' x 2-4' (arching form)
Foliage: Orange, rose, light green to yellow leaves (that revert)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Guardsman'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-7' x 7-8' (upright form)
Foliage: Deep bronze-red leaves with bright red margins
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Maori Chief'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-6' x 6-8' (upright form)
Foliage: Mid-green mid-stripe with deep red margins
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Maori Maiden'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 4-6' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Apricot to reddish with green margins 
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
P. h. 'Maori Queen'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-5' x 4-5' (upright form)
Foliage: Olive-green with reddish margins that fade to cream 
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
P. h. 'Maori Sunrise'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3' x 5-6' (arching form)
Foliage: Bronzy green margins and striped pinkish orange when young, that matures to cream 
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. 'Pink Panther'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 3-4' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Beige with pink mid-stripe 
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. 'Platt's Black' (BLACK FLAX)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 3-4' x 4-5' (slightly arching form)
Foliage: Purplish black
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Rainbow Queen' (syn. 'Maori Queen')
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-5' x 4-5' (upright form)
Foliage: Olive-green leaves edged with rose-red to beige
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA

P. h. 'Sea Jade'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-5' x 5-6' (upright form)
Foliage: Bronze to deep red mid-stripe with pale green margins
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Sundowner'
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 5-6' x 6-8' (upright form)
Foliage: Bronze-green with reddish pink margins that fade to cream (summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA
P. h. 'Yellow Wave' (YELLOW FLAX)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24; H1, H2; (regrows after freezes in zones 5, 6)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-5' x 5-7' (arching form)
Foliage: Light to mid-green with yellow mid-stripe that fades to green (fall)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Monroe Pacific Nursery, Huntington Beach, CA