Gardenforms

Plant Photo Library

PERENNIALS (A-G)
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 12


Acanthus mollis (BEAR'S BREECH)
Climate Zone: 5-24
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character:
Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-4'
Foliage: Large deeply lobed, dark green leaves
Flowers:
Purple and white on 4-5' tall flower stalks
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under and around Oaks
Photo Taken: Newport Beach, CA
Achillea millefolium (YARROW)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Perennial, Herb
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 18-30" x 18-30"
Foliage: Fragrant, mid-green
Flowers:
White (summer)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Edible/Herbal Use
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Cal Poly Pomona
Achillea millefolium 'Moonshine' (YARROW)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Perennial, Herb
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 20-24" x 20-24"
Foliage: Fragrant, gray-green
Flowers:
Light yellow (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Edible/Herbal Use
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Achillea x taygetea (MILFOIL YARROW)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Perennial
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 16-18" x 16-18"
Foliage: Fragrant gray-green
Flowers:
Creamy yellow (summer)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly)
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA (Questa Village - Shea Homes)

Acorus gramineus (JAPANESE SWEET FLAG)
Climate Zone: 3b-10, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Perennial
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-12" x x8-12"
Foliage: Fragrant mid-green
Flowers:
Insignificant, but fragrant
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Fragrant Flowers (insignificant)
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Santa Clara, CA (Robson Homes)
Acorus gramineus 'Minima Aurea' (JAPANESE SWEET FLAG)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
Photo Taken: San Marino, CA (Huntington Botanical Gardens)
Acorus gramineus 'Variegatus'
(VARIEGATED JAPANESE RUSH)
Climate Zone: 3b-10, 14-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-12" x 6"+
Foliage: Fragrant, mid-green leaves and variegated cream-white stripes
Flowers: Insignificant, but fragrant
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Fragrant Flowers (insignificant)
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA (Turtle Ridge Community)
Agapanthus africanus (AFRICAN LILY, LILY-OF-THE-NILE)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 18-24" x 18-24"
Foliage: Smooth, strap-like mid-green
Flowers: Deep blue ball-shaped flowers on 2-3' tall stalks above the foliage
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Mission of San Rafael Arcangel, CA
Agapanthus hybrid 'Queen Anne' (LILY-OF-THE-NILE)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 12-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Smooth, strap-like mid-green
Flowers: Medium blue flowers on 2' tall stalks above the foliage
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA
Agapanthus hybrid 'Tinker Bell'
(VARIEGATED LEAF LILY-OF-THE-NILE)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 10-14" x 10-14"
Foliage: Smooth, thinly strap-like mid to light green with white-striped margins
Flowers: Purple flowers on 16-24" tall stalks just above foliage
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Pleasanton, CA (Duman Residence)
Alocasia macrorrhiza (ELEPHANT EAR)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Alstroemeria hybrids (PERUVIAN LILY)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 14-24; H1
Exposure: Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 3-4' x 3-4'
Foliage: Mid-green to gray-green
Flowers: Purple, lilac, red or pink on flower stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA (Klotz, Londre, Smith and Dunlap Residences)
Anigozanthos hybrid (KANGAROO PAW)
Climate Zone: 15-24
Exposure: Sun
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 16-18" x 2-3'
Foliage: Upright, strap-like, mid to pale green
Flowers: Yellow-green flowers tinged with red on 5-6' tall stalks (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA (bottom right: Smith Residence - Anaheim Hills, CA)
Anthurium species (FLAMINGO FLOWER, ELEPHANT EARS)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Arctotheca calendula (CAPE WEED)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 13-24
Exposure: sun
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-6" x 12-16"
Foliage: Mid to dull green (above), and silver-white (beneath)
Flowers: Yellow on short stalks just above the foliage (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA
Armeria maritima (SEA PINK, THRIFT)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-9; 14-24
Exposure: Sun
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 8-12" x 8-12"
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers: Small puff-ball shaped white to pink flowers on stalks just above the foliage (spring)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Pleasanton, CA (Duman Residence)
Asparagus densiflorus 'Myersii'
(FOXTAIL FERN, MYERS ASPARAGUS)
Climate Zone: 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 2-3' x 3-4'
Foliage: Deep green, upright, soft-feel
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Aspidistra elatior (CAST-IRON PLANT)
Climate Zone: 4-10, 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 12-30" x 2-3'
Foliage: Dark green, broad (cast-iron look)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Bergenia crassifolia (WINTER-BLOOMING BERGENIA)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 12-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Dark green, rounded leaves that look somewhat like lettuce leaves
Flowers:
Rose, light purple to purple on flower stalks just above foliage (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Campanula portenschlagiana (DALMATIAN BELLFLOWER)
Climate Zone: 2-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-6" x 18-20"
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Violet-blue to grayish white (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA (Genest Residence of Turtle Ridge Community)
Centranthus ruber (RED VALERIAN)
Climate Zone: 2-9, 12-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3'
Foliage: Mid-green to blue-green
Flowers:
Slightly fragrant, deep red to pink on flower stalks just above foliage (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under and around Oaks
Photo Taken: Pinole, CA
Chlorophytum comosum (SPIDER PLANT, RIBBON PLANT)
Climate Zone: 15-17, 19-24; H1, H2; or indoors (seen grown in zone 18)
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Strap-like, mid-green leaves
Flowers:
White flowers on 18-24" long racemes (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Chlorophytum comosum 'Variegatum'
(VARIEGATED SPIDER PLANT)
Climate Zone: 15-17, 19-24; H1, H2; or indoors (seen grown in zone 18)
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Strap-like, mid-green leaves with white margins
Flowers:
White flowers on 18-24" long racemes (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Chlorophytum comosum 'Vittatum'
(VARIEGATED SPIDER PLANT)
Climate Zone: 15-17, 19-24; H1, H2; or indoors (seen grown in zone 18)
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Strap-like, bright to mid-green with white or pale cream central stripes
Flowers:
White flowers on 18-24" long racemes (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: 
Chondropetalum tectorum (CAPE RUSH)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:

Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA (SWA Group)
Chrysanthemum maximum (SHASTA DAISY)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 2-4' x 2-3'
Foliage: Dark green
Flowers:
White flowers with gold centers on flower stalks (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Clivia caulescens (BUSH LILY, DOUBLE DECKER)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:

Watering:
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Marino, CA (Huntington Botanical Gardens)
Clivia miniata (KAFFIR LILY)
Climate Zone: 12-17, 19-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 12-18" x 2-4'
Foliage: Dark green, broadly (2" wide) strap-like leaves
Flowers:
Orange flowers on stalks 18-30" tall (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA
Clivia miniata 'Solomone Hybrid' (YELLOW FLOWERING KAFFIR LILY)
Climate Zone: 12-17, 19-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 12-18" x 2-4'
Foliage: Dark green, broadly (2" wide) strap-like leaves
Flowers:
Yellow flowers on stalks 18-30" tall (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Coreopsis lanceolata (COREOPSIS)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 1-2' x 1-2'
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Yellow (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Cyperus alternifolius (UMBRELLA PLANT)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 2-4' x 3-5'
Foliage: Glossy, dark green on tall stems which look like an umbrella
Flowers:
Green to brown (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Cyperus papyrus (EGYPTIAN PAPER PLANT, PAPYRUS)
Climate Zone: 16, 17, 23, 24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-15' x indefinite width
Foliage: Light to mid-green stems
Flowers:
Lacy, thread-like clusters of green to brown flowers (summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Francisco, CA (Yerba Buena Gardens)
Dahlia hybrids (DAHLIA)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate in hot zones
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 1-7'
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Flowers:
Multiple Colors Available (2-12" diameter)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate (hot climate zones)
  • Cut Flowers
Photo Taken: Mendocino, CA
Dianthus 'Passion Tall' (CARNATION)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-12" x 6-12"
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Light green buds open to bright red (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Mendocino, CA
Dietes iridioides (AFRICAN IRIS, BUTTERFLY IRIS)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate 
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 3-4'
Foliage: Upright, thin, stiff, sword-like mid-green leaves
Flowers:
White flowers with yellow, purple and purple-red markings, on flower stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under and around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Equisetum hyemale (HORSETAIL)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-6' x indefinite width
Foliage: Mid-green, upright, thin, tube-like stems with noticeable gray to black rings (nodes) on each joint
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Invasive Growth Habit
Photo Taken:
Erigeron karvinskianus (MEXICAN DAISY, SANTA BARBARA DAISY)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-18" x 2-3'
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Pink to white with yellow centers (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Eschscholzia californica (CALIFORNIA POPPY)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-12" x 12-18"
Foliage: Gray-green
Flowers:
Yellow to orange (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Unincorporated Contra Costa County, CA
(in-between El Sobrante and Martinez)
Euphorbia characias (MEDITERRANEAN SPURGE)
Climate Zone: 4-24
Exposure:
Sun
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 3-4' x 3-5'
Foliage: Blue-green
Flowers:
Greenish yellow
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Mendocino, CA
Geranium x riversleaianum 'Mavis Simpson' (TRAILING GERANIUM)
Climate Zone: 2b-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 9-12" x 1-2'+
Foliage: Silky, silver-green leaves
Flowers:
Light purple with white (0.75" round) on stems (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use (possibly)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Gerbera jamesonii (GERBER DAISY, TRANSVAAL DAISY)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2; (annual elsewhere)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 4-6" x 9-12"
Foliage: Mid to light green
Flowers:
Cream to yellow, coral, orange, and red, with another colored center (summer to fall)
Photo Taken: