Gardenforms

Plant Photo Library

GROUND COVERS
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 6
Arctostaphylos 'Emerald Carpet' (TRAILING MANZANITA)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 14-24
Exposure: Sun to partial, but can tolerate shade
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-15" x 4-6'
Branches: Wine-red colored stems
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Orinda, CA (EBMUD)
Artemisia californica 'Canyon Gray'
(TRAILING CALIFORNIA SAGEBRUSH)
Climate Zone: 7-9, 14-24
Exposure: Sun
Character: Evergreen, drought deciduous
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-18" x 6-12'
Foliage: Fragrant, grayish white
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA (Ruth Bancroft Garden)
Baccharis pilularis (TRAILING COYOTE BRUSH)
Climate Zone: 5-11, 14-24
Exposure: Sun
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate/Height/Width/Foliage:
  • 'Pigeon Point': Fast, 1-2' x 5-10' (3' tall with close spacing), mid-green leaves
  • 'Twin Peaks': Moderate, 1-2' x 5-6'+ with dark green leaves
Flowers: Insignificant white flowers, although slightly fragrant
Seed Capsules: Female species on both varieites produce noticeable cotton-like seed capsules
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Extreme Fire Risk (considered Fire Resistant in some literature)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken:
Carpobrotus chilensis (TRAILING ICE PLANT)
Climate Zone: 12-24
Exposure: Sun
Character: Succulent Perennial
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast (invasive)
Height/Width: 6-12" x 24-30"
Flowers: Fragrant rose-purple flowers (summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting (not recommended on steep slopes)
  • Highly Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Mendocino, CA
Carpobrotus hybrid (TRAILING ICE PLANT)
Climate Zone: 12-24; (possibly zones H1, H2)
Exposure: Sun
Character: Succulent Perennial
Watering: Very low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast (invasive)
Height/Width: 6-12" x 4-6'+
Flowers: Purple or yellow (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting (although not recommended on steep slopes due to the weight of the plant)
  • Highly Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Ceanothus griseus horizontalis 'Yankee Point' (CARMEL CREEPER)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 14-17, 19-24; (may have winter damage in zones 5-7, 14)
Exposure: Sund
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Very Fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 8-10'
Flowers:
Light to medium blue (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Cotoneaster dammeri 'Coral Beauty'
(TRAILING BEARBERRY)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Fruits: Showy red fruits (fall)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Santa Clara, CA (Robson Homes)
Drosanthemum floribundum (ROSEA ICE PLANT)
Climate Zone: 14-24; H1
Exposure: Sun
Character: Succulent Perennial
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 4-6" x 5-6'+
Flowers: Pink (summer), although blooming season is brief (3-4 weeks)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Highly Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Hercules, CA
Dymondia margaretae (YELLOW BABY DAISY)
Climate Zone: 15-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 1-3" x 12-18"
Flowers: Yellow daisies (summer)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can plant around stepping stones
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA (Klotz Residence)
Euonymus fortunei 'Colorata' (PURPLE-LEAF WINTER CREEPER)
Climate Zone: 2b-17
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 1-2' x 6-10'
Foliage: Dark green leaves that turn dark purple (fall to winter)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Foliage Changing Color
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA
Euonymus fortunei 'Variegata'
(VARIEGATED WINTER CREEPER)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Uses:
Photo Taken:
Fragaria chiloensis (WILD STRAWBERRY)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-12" x 2-4'
Fruits: Edible red (late spring to early fall), but smaller in size compared to the Edible Strawberry (F. x ananassa)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
  • Edible Fruits
Photo Taken: Anahiem Hills, CA
Gazania rigens leucolaena (TRAILING GAZANIA)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-12" x 18-24"
Flowers: Yellow (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA
Gazania splendens hybrid (CLUMPING GAZANIA)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 6-12" x 12-18"
Flowers: Red, rose, orange, yellow, cream or mixed-colors (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Anahiem Hills, CA
Hedera canariensis (ALGERIAN IVY) and
Hedera helix (ENGLISH IVY)
Climate Zone (H. canariensis): 5-9, 12-24
Climate Zone (H. helix): 3-24; H1
Exposure: Sun to Shade
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width (H. canariensis): 12-20" x 10-15'
Height/Width (H. helix): 6-8" x 10-15' 
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Indoor Use
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA
Hypericum calycinum (CREEPING ST. JOHNSWORT)
Climate Zone: 2b-24
Exposure: Sun to partial, although shade tolerate
Character: Evergreen, semi-evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 8-12" x 2-4'
Flowers: Bright yellow (summer)
Uses:

  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: San Ramon, CA
Lonicera japonica 'Halliana' (HALL'S JAPANESE HONEYSUCKLE)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial; although shade tolerate
Character: Evergreen, cold deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 18-24" x 10-15'
Flowers: Fragrant, white to yellow-orange (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Available as a vine, espalier
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Myoporum 'Pacificum' (PACIFIC MYOPORUM)
Climate Zone: 16-24
Exposure: Sun
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Very fast
Height/Width: 18-36" x 15-30'
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Beaumont, CA
Osteospermum fruticosum (TRAILING AFRICAN DAISY)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2; (annual elsewhere)
Exposure: Sun
Character: Perennial
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-12" x 2-4'
Flowers: Lilac to white (fall to spring)
Uses:
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA
Pelargonium peltatum (IVY GERANIUM)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; or indoors; (annual in zones A2, A3; 1-7, 10, 11)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 12-18" x 3-5'
Flowers: White, pink, rose, red or lavender (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken (below: Corona del Mar, CA (Sherman Gardens)
Persicaria capitata (PINK HEAD CLOVER)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; (annual in colder climates)
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character: Perennial
Watering: Low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-6" x 18-20"
Flowers: Pink-balled flowers (winter to spring)
Foliage: Dark green foliage with bronze and shades of pink at maturity; deeper bronze-color (cooler weather)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Pratia pedunculata (BLUE STAR CREEPER)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 14-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 2-3" x 3-4'
Flowers: Pale blue (spring to summer)
Foliage:
Bright green (moss-like)
Uses:

  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA (Tice Creek)
Rosa x Noatraum (CARPET ROSE, FLOWER CARPET™)
Climate Zone: All Zones
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Deciduous
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width/Flowers:
'Appleblossom': 24-32" x 36-40"/Soft pink fades to white (summer)
'Coral': 24-32" x 36-40"/Salmon-colored flowers fades to the center
'Pink': 24-32" x 36-40"/Rose-pink tinged white at the center and yellow stamens
'Red': 24-32" x 42-48"/Wine-red flowers with deep gold pollen in the centers
'White': 24-32" x 30-36"/Soft white flowers with yellow stamens in the center
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' (TRAILING ROSEMARY)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 1-2' x 4-8'
Flowers: Pale lavender-blue (winter to spring)
Uses
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Edible/Herbal Use (leaves)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can be planted under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA
Sagina subulata 'Aurea' (SCOTCH MOSS)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Uses:
Photo Taken: Hercules, CA
Sagina subulata (IRISH MOSS)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Uses:
Photo Taken: Hercules, CA
Soleirolia soleirolii (BABY'S TEARS)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Shade to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 1-4" x 4-6'
Foliage: Mid-green (moss-like)
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
Photo Taken: Irvine, CA (Gates Residence, Quail Hill Community)
Thymus pseudolanuginosus (WOOLLY THYME)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Uses:
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Thymus serpyllum (CREEPING THYME, MOTHER-OF-THYME)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 2-3" x 2-3'
Flowers: Pinkish red to purplish white (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Edible/Herbal Use (leaves)
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Mendocino, CA
Trachelospermum jasminoides (STAR JASMINE)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Evergreen
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 18-24" x 5-10'
Flowers: Fragrant white flowers (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Available as a vine, espalier
Photo Taken: El Cerrito, CA
Tradescantia fluminensis (WANDERING JEW)
Climate Zone: 12-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure: Shade to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-3" x 2-3'+
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: 
Tradescantia zebrina (syn. Zebrina pendula)
(PURPLE WANDERING JEW)
Climate Zone: 
Exposure: Shade to partial
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Uses:
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: 
Verbena x hybrida (TRAILING VERBENA)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Flowers:
Uses:

Photo Taken:
Vinca major (BIGLEAF PERIWINKLE)
Climate Zone: 5-24
Exposure: Shade to partial; sun exposure along the coast
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 1-2' x indefinite width
Flowers: Lavender-blue (spring)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA
Vinca minor (DWARF PERIWINKLE)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure: Shade to partial; sun exposure along the coast
Character: Perennial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-6" x 10-15'
Flowers: Lavender-blue (spring)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly)
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Richmond, CA