Gardenforms.com

GRASSES
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 11

Cortaderia selloana (PAMPAS GRASS)
Climate Zone: 3-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Evergreen
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 8-12' 10-12'
Foliage: Gray-green to mid-green
Flowers:
White to light pink on 10-15'+ tall flower stalks (summer to winter)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Extreme Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Costa Mesa, CA
Festuca amethystina (LARGE BLUE FESCUE)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Evergreen, but will go dormant in the (summer) heat
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 
Foliage: Blue-gray
Flowers: Wheat-colored (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Fremont, CA (Robson Homes)
Festuca glauca (BLUE FESCUE)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Evergreen, but will go dormant in the (summer) heat
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-12" x 8-18"
Foliage: Blue-gray, that turns brown (summer heat) 
Flowers: Wheat-color on flower stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA
Festuca trachphylla (HARD FESCUE)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Foliage:
Flowers: 
Uses: 
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA
Helictotrichon sempervirens (BLUE OAT GRASS)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure: Sun to partial, but can tolerate shade
Character: Evergreen, but semi-evergreen (cold climates)
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 12-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Blue-gray with strains of beige
Flowers: Bluish white to wheat-colored on 2-3' tall flower stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Lafayette, CA
Miscanthus species (JAPANESE SILVER GRASS)
Climate Zone: 2-24
Exposure: Sun to shade
Character: Deciduous
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 3-6' x 3-6'
Foliage: 
Flowers: 
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Beaumont, CA (Four Seasons Community)
Muhlenbergia rigens (DEER GRASS)
Climate Zone: 4-24
Exposure: Sun to partial, but shade tolerate
Character: Evergreen, cold-deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3'
Foliage: Gray-green leaves that turn brown (summer)
Flowers: Grayish tan on 5-6' tall flower stalks (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • CA Native
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA (Trimark Communities)
Nassella tenuissima (MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS)
Climate Zone: 2b-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 18-24" x 2-3'
Foliage: Bright green leaves that turn light straw (fall)
Flowers: Silver-green (summer to fall) turning golden (winter)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit (possibly)
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Erosion Control Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
"No Mow" Fescue
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Foliage:
Flowers: 
Uses: 
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA (Questa Village Park - Shea Homes)
Pennisetum messiacum (RED BUNNY TAILS GRASS)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:
Character: 
Watering: 
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 
Foliage:
Flowers: 
Uses: 
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA (Central Park - Trimark Communities)
Pennisetum orientale (CHINESE FOUNTAIN GRASS)
Climate Zone: 3-10, 14-24
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-18" x 12-30"
Foliage: Blue-green leaves that mature to creamy brown, that then turn yellow-brown (fall) and straw-colored (winter)
Flowers: Violet-pink on flower stalks (summer to fall); may also flower in (spring) Southern California.
Uses:
  • Foliage Changing Color
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA (Questa Village Park - Shea Homes)
Pennisetum setaceum (FOUNTAIN GRASS)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2; (annual in colder climates)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast (invasive)
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3'
Foliage: Mid-green leaves that turn beige (fall)
Flowers: Pink, purple to white on 3-5' stalks (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Invasive Growth Habit
  • Slope Planting
  • Extreme Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA
Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum' (PURPLE FOUNTAIN GRASS)
Climate Zone: 8-24; H1, H2; (annual in colder climates)
Exposure: Sun to partial
Character: Deciduous
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 4-6'
Foliage: Reddish brown leaves that turn beige (fall to winter)
Flowers: Red-purple flowers that fade to beige on 4-6' tall stalks (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Extreme Fire Risk
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Mountain House, CA (Questa Village Park)