Gardenforms

Plant Photo Library

BULBS and BULB-LIKE PLANTS
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 13


Agapanthus species (LILY-OF-THE-NILE)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Rhizome with fleshy root
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 8-36" x 8-36"
Foliage: Generaly deep green leaves; some varieites have variegated leaves
Flowers:
Deept to mid-blue, purple or white on 1-5' tall flower stalks (summer)
Uses
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: 
Alstroemeria hybrids (PERUVANIAN LILY)
Climate Zone: 5-9, 14-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Tuberous root
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 3-4'
Foliage: Mid-green to gray-green
Flowers:
Purple, lilac, red or pink on flower stalks just above the foliage (spring to summer)
Uses
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA
Caladium bicolor (ELEPHANT'S EAR)
Climate Zone: H2; or dig and store; or grow in pots
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Tuber
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3'
Foliage: Striking red, pink, white, green, silver and bronze leaves
Uses
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
Photo Taken:
Canna hybrid (GARDEN CANNA)
Climate Zone: 6-9, 12-24; H1, H2; or dig and store
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Rhizome
Watering: Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-6'+ x 2-3'
Foliage: Generally mid-green with bronze-red, purple to vareigated; colors also vary depending on the variety selected
Flowers:
Lavender, pink, red, orange, yellow, salmon, white or bicolor combination (summer to fall)
Uses
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Los Angeles, CA (Getty Museum)
Clivia miniata (KAFFIR LILY)
Climate Zone: 12-17, 19-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character: Tuberous root
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 12-18" x 2-4'
Foliage: Dark green, broadly (2" wide) strap-like leaves
Flowers:
Orange flowers on stalks 18-30" tall (winter to spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Walnut Creek, CA

Colocasia esculenta (ELEPHANT'S EAR, KALO, TARO)
Climate Zone: 12, 16-24; H1, H2; or dig and store
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Tuber
Watering: High
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 4-6' x 3-4'
Foliage: Large, heart-shaped, dark green
Flowers:
Showy, but rarely seen and only flowers in warm climates
Photo Taken:
Cyclamen persicum (FLORISTS' CYCLAMEN)
Climate Zone: 15-24
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Character:
Tuber
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 6-12" x 6-12"
Foliage: Deep green leaves (above), with variegation and purplish green (beneath)
Flowers:
Deep red, bright red, salmon, purple or white flowers on stalks just above foliage (fall to spring); newer varieties dont'have much of a fragrance in compared to the older varieites
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Fragrant Flowers (older varieites)
  • Indoor Use (possibly)
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Dietes iridiodes (AFRICAN IRIS)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate 
Character: Rhizome
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 3-4' x 3-4'
Foliage: Upright, thin, stiff, sword-like mid-green leaves
Flowers:
White flowers with yellow, purple and purple-red markings, on flower stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under and around Oaks
Photo Taken:

Freesia hybrid (FREESIA)
Climate Zone: 8, 9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Corm
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-18" x 8-12"
Foliage: Bright green
Flowers:
Slightly Fragrant red, orange, yellow, pink, lavender, purple, blue, white or mixed-colored flowers on stalks justa bove the foliage (spring)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Haemanthus coccineus (BLOOD LILY, PAINTBRUSH LILY)
Climate Zone:
Exposure:

Character:
Watering:

Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
Foliage:
Flowers:
Blood-orange
Photo Taken: San Marino, CA (Huntington Botanical Gardens)
Hemerocallis hybrids (DAYLILY)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Tuberous root
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 1-4' x 2-3'
Foliage: Strap-like, mid to dark green
Flowers:
3-8" dia., available in multiple colors: purple, purplish red, lavender, salmon, peach, pink, red, orange, yellow, cream, almost white to bicolor combinations on stalks just above the foliage (spring to summer); some varieites are fragrant
Uses:
  • Edible (all parts)
  • Slope Planitng
  • Fire Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Hippeastrum hybrids (AMARYLLIS)
Climate Zone: 13, 15-17, 21-24; H1, H2; (some shelter in zones 8, 9, 14, 18, 20)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Bulb
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 18-24" x 6-8"
Foliage: Light to mid-green to gray-green
Flowers:
7-9" dia., deep red, scarlet, pink, orange or white with green throats on 18-24" tall stalks (spring to summer)
Uses
  • Indoor Use
Photo Taken:
Hyacinthoides hispanica (SPANISH BLUEBELL)
Climate Zone: 1-11, 14-24
Exposure:
Partial
Character:
Bulb
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-20" x 12-20"
Foliage: Glossy, dark green
Flowers:
Blue, white or pink flowers on stalk just above foliage (spring)
Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA
Iris hybrids (BEARDED IRISES)
Climate Zone: 1-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Rhizome
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 8-48" x 2-6"
Foliage: Mid to light green, sword-like
Flowers:
Multiple colored flowers available (spring)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Iris hybrids (DUTCH IRISES)
Climate Zone: 2b-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character:
Bulb
Watering: Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 18-24" x 3-4"
Foliage: Mid to light green
Flowers:
Multiple colored flowers available (spring to winter)
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Narcissus hybrids (DAFFODIL, NARCISSUS)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-24; (refer to Sunset Western Garden Book for additional climate zone information)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character:
Bulb
Watering: Very low to low
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-18" x 8-12"
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Flowers:
Strongly fragrant white, yellow or the combination of both (winter to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Ranunculus asiaticus (PERSIAN BUTTERCUP)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24; (refer to Sunset Western Garden Book for additional climate zone information)
Exposure:
Sun; partial to shade tolerant
Character: Tuberous root
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
Height/Width: 8-24" x 6-12"
Foliage: Pale to dark green
Flowers:
Red, orange, pink, yellow, cream, white or mixed colors (spring)
Uses:

  • Shade Tolerate
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA (Parker Residence)
Scadoxus multiflorus katherinae (BLOOD LILY)
Climate Zone: 21-24; or indoors (with protection possibly can grow in zone 16, 17)
Exposure:
Partial; shade tolerate
Character:
Bulb
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 1-2' x 1-2'
Foliage: Wavy-edged, light to mid-green
Flowers:
Red to orange (spring to summer)
Uses
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
Photo Taken: Richmond Hills, CA (zone 16)
Tulbaghia violacea 'Silver Lace' (VARIEGATED SOCIETY GARLIC)
Climate Zone: 13-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character: Rhizome
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 12-18" x 18-24"
Foliage: Variegated, thinly mid-green and silver, strongly garlic-scented leaves
Flowers:
Edible, purple to lavender flowers on 1-2' tall stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Edible Flowers (used for seasoning)
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA
Tulipa - Darwin Hybrids (TULIP)
Climate Zone: 13-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: Slow
Height/Width: 12-18" x 18-24"
Foliage: Variegated, thinly mid-green and silver, strongly garlic-scented leaves
Flowers:
Edible, purple to lavender flowers on 1-2' tall stalks (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Edible Flowers (used for seasoning)
  • Indoor Use
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA
Zantedeschia aethiopica (CALLA LILY)
Climate Zone: 5, 6, 8, 9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character: Rhizome
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 2-4' x 1-2'
Foliage: Glossy, bright green
Flowers:
Creamy white flowers with yellow center on stalks above the foliage (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Sausalito, CA
Zephyranthes candida (RAIN LILY, ZEPHYR LILY)
Climate Zone: 4-9, 12-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character: Bulb
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-12" x 8-18"
Foliage: Bright to dark green; chive-like looking leaves
Flowers:
White flowers tinged with pink inside on stalks just above the foliage (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
Photo Taken: