Gardenforms.com

ANNUALS and BIENNIALS
In reference of "Gardenforms Landscape Plant Guide", Chapter 14


Antirrhinum majus (SNAPDRAGON)
Climate Zone: A1; 1-24
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width:
  • Dwarf Variety: 8-12" x 8-12"
  • Tall Variety: 2-3' x 12-18"
Foliage: Glossy, deep green
Flowers:
Slightly fragrant white, cream, yellow, orange, pink, red or bronze (spring to summer); blooms last much longer in mild climates
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Begonia semperflorens-cultorum (WAX BEGONIA)
Climate Zone: 14-24; H1, H2; or indoors; dig and store or treat as an annual
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 6-12" x 6-12"
Foliage: Mid-green, red, bronze or variegated leaves
Flowers:
Red, pink or white (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Indoor Use
  • Hightly Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA
Brassica oleracea acephala (FLOWERING CABBAGE, KALE)
Climate Zone: All Zones
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual or Biennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate to fast
Height/Width: 8-12" x 8-12"
Foliage: Edible, but generally grow for the purple, red, pink and white (inner leaves); mid-green (outer leaves)
Flowers:
Yellow (spring to summer); will flower in mild climates
Uses:
  • Edible (foliage)
Photo Taken:
Calendula officinalis (ENGLISH MARIGOLD)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1
Exposure:
Sun
Character: Annual
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 1-2' x 12-18"
Foliage: Fragrant, pale green
Flowers:
Orange, apricot, yellow or cream (spring to summer); flowers much longer in mild climates
Uses:
  • Fragrant Foliage
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Catharanthus roseus (MADAGASCAR PERIWINKLE, OLD MAID)
Climate Zone: 1-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width:
  • C. roseus: 1-2' x 8-18"
  • Carpet Series: 4-8" x 12-18"
  • Little Series: 8-10" x 8-12"
Foliage: Glossy, mid to dark green
Flowers:
White, pink, pinkish red (summer to fall)
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Dicentra spectabilis (BLEEDING HEART)
Climate Zone: A1-A3; 1-9, 14-24
Exposure:
Shade to partial
Watering: Moderate
Growth Rate: 
Height/Width: 2-3' x 3'
Foliage: Soft, mid-green leaves
Flowers:
Rose pink flowers on one side of the arching stems (spring)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
Digitalis purpurea (FOXGLOVE)
Climate Zone: A2, A3; 1-24
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character: Biennial or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 3-4'+ x 2'
Foliage: Dark green to sometimes woolly white to light green
Flowers:
Purple, purplish red, pink, cream or white (spring to summer); flowers much longer in mild climates
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
  • Poisonous/Toxic Plant (all parts)
Photo Taken:
Euphorbia pulcherrima (POINTSETTIA)
Climate Zone: 13, 16-24; H1, H2; or indoors
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate in zone 13
Character: Annual or Deciduous Shrub
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate:
Height/Width:
  • Annual: 12-18" x 12-24"
  • Shrub: 6-10' (leggy) x 4-6'
Foliage: Generally red, but available also is pink, yellowish white or marbled
Flowers:
Small, yellow
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Indoor Use
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
Photo Taken: Anaheim, CA (Disneyland Theme Park)
Helianthus annuus (SUNFLOWER, WILD SUNFLOWER)
Climate Zone: All zones
Exposure:
Sun
Character: Annual
Watering:
Moderate to high
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width/Flowers:
  • 'Mammoth Russian': 8-12'+ x 2-3' with 8-10" dia. flowers
  • 'Sunspot': 18-24" x 12-18"+ with 10" dia. flowers
Foliage: Hairy, mid to dark green
Uses:
  • Cut Flowers (most varieties)
  • Edible Seeds
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: El Sobrante, CA
Impatiens wallerana (BUSY LIZZIE, IMPATIENS)
Climate Zone: Perennial in 17, 24; H1, H2; Annual elsewhere
Exposure: Shade to partial
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width:
  • Dwarf Variety: 4-12" x 8-12"
  • Tall Variety: 8-24" x 8-12"
Foliage: Light green
Flowers:
Purple, lavender, violet, pink, red, orange, salmon or white (spring to fall)
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA
Lobularia maritima (SWEET ALICE, SWEET ALYSSUM)
Climate Zone: All zones
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width/Flowers:
  • L. maritima: 6-12" x 1-2' with slightly purple, lavender, pink or white flowers (spring to fall; year-round in mild climates)
  • 'Little Gem': 4-6" x 8-12" with slightly white flowers (spring to fall)
Foliage: Slightly hairy, gray-green
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: San Pablo, CA
Papaver nudicaule (ICELAND POPPIES)
Climate Zone: Perennial in A2, A3; 1-6, 10; annul in 7-9, 12-24
Exposure:
Sun
Character: Annual or short-lived Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate:
Height/Width: 12-18" x 12-18"
Foliage: Coarsely hairy, blue-green
Flowers:
4-6" dia., slightly fragrant yellow, ornage, salmon, rose, pink, cream or white rosettes on 1-2' tall stalks just above the foliage (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
Photo Taken:
Petunia x hybrida (PETUNIA)
Climate Zone: All zones
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width/Flowers: (spring to fall)
  • P. x hybrida: 10-16" x 12-18"+, with light blue, deep purple, red, pink, yellow, cream, white or bicolor combination flowers
  • Grandiflora: 1-2' x 2-3', with blue, red, pinkish red, pink, yellow or colored-striped
  • Multiflora: 1-2' x 2-3', with blue, salmon, pinkish red, pink, white or yellow
Foliage: Mid to dark green
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken: Anaheim Hills, CA (Disneyland Theme Park)
Rudbeckia hirta (BLACK-EYED SUSAN, GLORIOSA DAISY)
Climate Zone: 1-24; (winter annual in zones 12, 13)
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual, Biennial or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width/Flowers: (summer to fall)
  • R. hirta: 2-4' x 1-2', yellow, orange or red flowers with black centers
  • 'Becky Mixed': 8-10", shades of yellow and deep red to red flowers
  • 'Goldilocks': 18-24", double and semi-double flower, yellow to orange
  • 'Irish Eyes' (syn. 'Green Eyes'): 24-30", yellow with light green centers
  • 'Rustic Dwarf': 24" x -12", yellow edges with reddish brown centers
Foliage: Mid-green
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Salvia splendens (SCARLET SAGE, RED SAGE)
Climate Zone: Perennial in 21-24; H2; annual elsewhere
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width:
  • Dwarf Variety: 6-12" x 6-12"
  • Tall Variety: 2-4' x 2-4'
Foliage: Slightly hairy, pale to dark green
Flowers:
Scarlet, purple, pink or white (spring to summer); continuously flowers until (winter) in a mild climate
Uses:
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Senecio cineraria (DUSTY MILLER)
Climate Zone: 4-24; H1, H2
Exposure:
Sun
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Low to moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height/Width: 2-3' x 2-3'
Foliage: Soft, white to silver-gray
Flowers:
Yellow to cream (spring to summer in cold climates); (year round in mild climates)
Uses:
  • Fire Resistant
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Tagetes patula (FRENCH MARIGOLD)
Climate Zone: All zones
Exposure:
Sun
Character: Annual
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-18" x 6-18"
Foliage: Fragrant, mid-green
Flowers:
Red, reddish brown, orange or yellow (spring to fall); blooms may last longer in a mild climate
Uses:
  • Slope Planting
  • Deer Resistant
Photo Taken:
Tropaeolum majus (NASTURTIUM, INDIAN CRESS)
Climate Zone: All zones
Exposure:
Sun to partial
Character: Annual
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 12-18" x 3-6'
Foliage: Edible, light green
Flowers:
Slightly fragrant, edible red, orange, yellow or creamy white (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Edible (Foliage and Flowers)
  • Fragrant Foliage (slightly)
  • Deer Resistant
  • Can grown under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: Newport Beach, CA
Viola cornuta (TUFTED PANSY, VIOLA)
Climate Zone: Perennial in 1-10, 14-24; annual elsewhere
Exposure:
Sun to shade
Character: Annual or Perennial
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-8" x 6-8"
Foliage: Mid-green
Flowers:
Slightly fragrant, blue, purple, red, apricot, yellow, white or bicolor combination (spring to summer)
Uses:
  • Shade Exposure
  • Fragrant Flowers (slightly)
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken:
Viola x wittrockiana (GARDEN PANSY, LADIES-DELIGHT)
Climate Zone: All zones
Exposure:
Sun to partial; shade tolerate
Character: Annual
Watering:
Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Height/Width: 6-10" x 6-12"
Foliage: Mid to deep green
Flowers:
Reddish brown, red, pinkish red, purple, blue, white, apricot, yellow or bicolor-combination (spring to summer); blooms may last longer in mild climates
Uses:
  • Shade Tolerate
  • Deer Resistant (possibly)
  • Can grow under or around Oaks
Photo Taken: